Serial no.

Date

From no.

From Person

To no.

To Person

Pages

Summary

000000212

07.01.1895

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'Natal Mercury' comments on Gandhi's 'Open letter. If it says, the Indian is despised it is his own fault. Let him adopt European Civilisation and he will see himself better treated ."G. is as impartial as anyone could expect him to be and writes with marked moderation etc.

000000213

07.01.1895

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Editorial notes on the Open Letter Mr. Gandhi "Has Over proved his case. The Indian is not a down-trodden being. Rammy Sammy has a very good notion of where he is comfortable".

000000214

10.01.1895

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The report describes the annual sports Gathering in the tea-estate of Mr. Hindson .Most cordial feelings prevailed between the employer and the coolies." After this it is to be hoped Mr. Hindson will be accepted as a proper Gandhist."

000000215

11.01.1895

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Every paper comments adversely the 'Open Letter'. Even "The Englishman" of India, supports us. If Lord Ripon rejects the Bill, it Will be sent back to him probably in a more stringent form.

000000216

11.01.1895

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One of the ablest and most well-written comments on "The Open Letter" by a correspondent in the 'Critic'. The evil is not from without but within-the Hindu caste 'system'. As the immigrants belong to the lowest castes, do what they will, they cannot raise them selves etc.

000000217

12.01.1895

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These beggars are ruining the Colony by underselling the white farmer. Native labour can and should replace the coolie.

000000218

14.01.1895

00927

POST MASTER GENERAL

00047

DADA ABDOOLA & CO.

1

The question is still under consideration of the Government.

000000219

15.01.1895

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Mr. Ruffe is allowed great Latitude. He indulged Billigsgate', but was not even punished. An instance of the persecution of Mr. Gandhi's country men||

000000220

16.01.1895

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Most probably the Imperial Government will veto this first attempt - to placate those who denounce it as retrograde.

000000221

17.01.1895

00250

JUSTICE

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

1

The Government should stop this nuisance, or there will be murders by these drunkards.

000000222

18.01.1895

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Suggestions of the paper as to what Natal Government do in the event of the Imperial veto. The paper suspects that the Imperial Government has vetoed the Bill and that the Natal Government knows but suppresses the news in the hope that the Home Government will suggest only reconsideration.

000000224

19.01.1895

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Inconsistent arguments are propped up by the whites to justify the ill-treatment "The Indian must go but without his earnings. The Native must work, but not as a mechanic Is this fair?.

000000223

19.01.1895

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He should take warning from what happened to the aGitator in Mauritius-and how costly it proved to be. 'Curing of fancied grievances' will not help his cause.

000000225

22.01.1895

12235

DRUMMOND, G. W.

12199

NATAL MERCURY, Editor

1

This is an appeal by the writer to treat Indians better and to sympathise with him. The writer also deals with the virtues and vices of Indians and natives.

000000227

23.01.1895

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Mr. G. may argue as well as he can about the superiority or the purity of his race. But Natal will not take the risk of ceasing to be a white man's country.

000000226

23.01.1895

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19 Indians in all were charged for being in the borough before day-light without passes. The case was adjourned.

000000228

24.01.1895

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A correspondent puts counter questions to G.(1) If the Indians is ill-treated why does he not return to Indian after 5 Years ?etc.

000000229

24.01.1895

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Hatred of the Indian (as such) does not exist. But it does exist for the higher class of the Indians that puts superior airs, spreads sedition and is a coward in war-times.

000000230

24.01.1895

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After detailing the various disabilities of the Indians in the different states, the writer says that an Indian has appeared in the person of Mr. M. K. Gandhi, and then comments on the Open Letter adversely.

000023872

25.01.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

1

Inquires if the report that the bill has been disallowed by the Home Government is correct. Thanks all those who helped.

000000233

27.01.1895

12189

GOVERNOR-GENERAL, Secretary to

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Governor acknowledges receipt of your pamphlet.

000000231

27.01.1895

12236

BAKER & LINDSAY, SOLICITORS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thanks for your cheque of pound 1-10 shs. in settlement of our account.

000003572

28.01.1895

12567

RAHIM AHMAD & 9 OTHERS

00275

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS

1

Though he stood aside to give way to the European Couple, the male assaulted one of us. We have lodged a complaint but Natal Indian Congress also should move in the matter.

000000232

28.01.1895

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An indentured labourer Lost his eyes while working for his master. Being of no use he was discharged without compensation. He, therefore took to begging The magistrate discharged him and suggested an inquiry in to his case.

000000234

29.01.1895

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19 Indians charged with being in the borough before day-light ,were released by the Magistrate.

000000236

29.01.1895

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The Sanitary Committee recommends a Location for the convenience of the Indians and in the interest of public health.

000000235

29.01.1895

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Comments of Natal Mercury on the Protector of Immigration's report which pays "the glowing but somewhat misplaced tribute" to the coolies.

000000237

31.01.1895

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Mr. Dillan's judgement makes the 9 O'clock bill "simply a modification of the Vagrancy Act. It will mean increased trouble to the police.

000000239

01.02.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

1

"Information about the Esoteric Christian Union and London Vegetarian Society books. etc. It also contains some condemnation of the present civilization.

000000238

01.02.1895

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Advertisement for sale of books (re: Esoteric Christianity) by Gandhiji.

000000241

02.02.1895

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Report of lectures denouncing the policy of Rhodes and of penetration. By unfair means, of the British.

000000240

02.02.1895

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As many coolies as possible should be induced even compelled to live in Locations because of their unsanitary habits. Fruit producer and dealer should be prohibited form sleeping in his store-room

000000242

04.02.1895

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Agenda of the Mayoral Congress which includes segregation of Indians and restriction of immigration.

000000243

05.02.1895

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Some Asiatics were given notice to quit Krugersdorp, as it was found that they were trading under the style of E. Harvey.

000000245

06.02.1895

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The native is fast Losing respect for the white because the latter is Losing self respect. Mothers allow their daughters to be too free with the Blacks. All this is due to our improper education system whose faults the writer dilates upon.

000000244

06.02.1895

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The paper wonders why Lord Ripon's reply which "was on water" has not yet been published.

000000246

07.02.1895

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The Principal Under Secretary wires that the Natal Government has been telegraphically informed that the Bill is receiving "Serious consideration" by the Imperial Government.

000000247

08.02.1895

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We are glad Lord Ripon does not treat this matter Lightly. Natal's mind is made up in this matter Soon or late the Bill shall pass.

000000248

09.02.1895

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So long as the matter remains in suspense, there is hope for the Colony.

000000250

14.02.1895

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A White man saw a coolie strike his child; so he protested and a quarrel ensued injuring both.

000000249

14.02.1895

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Greyville tram-stables have been occupied by Corporation Coolie Servants. "The people have paid quite enough for the land without having this nuisance thrust upon them"-and so on in the same strain.

000000251

15.02.1895

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It was resolved not to deal with the Provisional Treaty but to act upon Government's letter of 28-6-1894' and to act upon the understanding that whites and coloured persons shall not enjoy equal rights.

000000253

16.02.1895

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The Committee of the Mayoral Congress at Cape Town reported that the time had come for regulation and prohibition of importation of Asiatics. The report was adopted

000000252

16.02.1895

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An editorial note, sympathising with Transvaal for its reluctance to grant equal status to Indians in "the most favoured nation treaty" Clause.

000000256

16.02.1895

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The Bulawayo Chamber of Commerce and the Salisbury Chamber have advised Government to keep out bunyan traders.

000000254

18.02.1895

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A report of an Indians Christian's marriage and addresses to the bridegroom.

000000257

19.02.1895

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The Government has very successfully dealt with the whole problem. There are good grounds to hope that the Government will stand firm both on the Franchise and the repatriation questions.

000000255

19.02.1895

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The Premier proposes Compulsory repatriation but we doubt if it can be done in view of Imperial Government's opposition. his reticence on the Franchise Bill is ominous.

000000258

19.02.1895

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The Indian rapidly buys the white man with the property of the latter skilfully stolen from him. He is not Law-abiding as was shown in the recent instance when he assaulted the police

000000259

20.02.1895

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An Arab (Indian Trader) was compelled by the court to take off his boots as a mark of respect to the court.

000000261

21.02.1895

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Umgeni Road is rapidly becoming a coolie-village, and Europeans are rapidly shifting else where the coolies being very undesirable neighbours. Then follows a description of the Greyville Tram stables where some coolies where Located.

000000260

21.02.1895

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Two appeals against conviction for theft dismissed in both which Indians were the accused

000003573

22.02.1895

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He was hand cuffed and whipped in to keeping pace with running horse of the white constables He often fell down and bruised himself.

000000263

22.02.1895

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A United front of the Cape, Natal and the Republics should be presented against the Imperial government Veto. Mere repeated passage of the Bill is ineffectual.

000000262

22.02.1895

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A reporter described in detail and with an unmitigated disgust the unsanitary habits of Indian fruit sellers.

000003574

25.02.1895

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We were handcuffed and made to run with the horse and beaten when we failed to keep pace with the horse or fell down. I still bear marks of injury. We were both discharged.

000003575

25.02.1895

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Corroboration of the above two "I have often seen Indians and Natives handcuffed and made to run with the horse"

000000264

25.02.1895

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Government's reticence is ominous Will Government dare to take the bold steps it promised during the election in the event of the Imperial Veto; We. doubt.

000000265

27.02.1895

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It is good that such an influential body as the Mayoral Congress of Cape Town recommended prohibition of immigration. The Indian Question will soon be an all South African Problem.

000000266

28.02.1895

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Entire stoppage of immigration is not only opposed to the Imperial Policy, but also harmful to the Local interests of Natal itself. The remedy is an attempt at Europeanisation of the Coolie. An interesting and a level headed article.

000000424

02.03.1895

12275

AFRICAN BOATING CO.

12276

MOHMAD HAJI DADA, Haji

1

This is a letter wishing bon voyage and happy return to Natal. It also testifies to the qualities of head and heart of H.Mahmad H.Dada,who was subjected to indignities.

000000267

02.03.1895

12237

WARD, Frank

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

1

Some Indians who are refused licences are defying the Law by keeping open their "eating houses for kaffirs "all night,

000000268

07.03.1895

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A Natal tea planter asserts in this interview that the coolie is far more efficient then the native." The Coolie was the making of natal."

000003576

14.03.1895

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Printed signed from of `indenture', of Abdul Karim. "I agree to emigrate on conditions specified on the reverse.

000000421

14.03.1895

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A large number of European signatories including merchant companies, testify to the cleanliness of business premises and houses, of Indians merchants most of whom come from Bombay and to the grave error in calling them "coolies"

000000420

14.03.1895

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The better class of Indians are as clean in their habits and domestic life as white people of the same standing.

000000269

14.03.1895

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We certify that they are clean and they are rebuked falsely Really they are as good as higher class British people.

000000422

14.03.1895

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They are peaceful and Law abiding and therefore desirable. Their withdrawal will be a calamity to us. Specially those who live far away from business centre:

000000271

15.03.1895

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The correspondent strongly protested against allowing coolies and natives to rode on the cars which are used by Europeans

000000270

15.03.1895

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The paper takes the Government severely to task for not taking the public into confidence re: the fate of the bill

000000272

20.03.1895

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The British Colonies are bound by rules as "to British Subjects", but the republics are free and they are determined to the Indians from their territories.

000000273

20.03.1895

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The number of cases of alleged rape is phenomenal. The Complainants, mostly commit perjury.

000000280

22.03.1895

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Mr. Tatham applied in the Supreme Court for confirmation of Mr. Gandhiji's plan of distribution of a Muslim's estate, but it was opposed as G.was a Hindu: and so could not know Mohomedan Law!!

000000276

23.03.1895

00070

OBSERVER

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

1

The Correspondent appeals for a more humane treatment of the coolie, who were Located in most unsanitary shanties.

000000274

23.03.1895

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An Indian was refused trading licence in East Griqualand in the Cape. One or two who already have Licences in that part of the Cape are also to be driven out.

000000275

23.03.1895

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Gandhiji was asked to suggest a plan of distribution of the estate of a deceased Indian who was a Mohammedan .He did so, but objection was raised later on, that G.was a Hindu, while the deceased was a Muslim and so G. could not know Muslim Customs !

000000277

24.03.1895

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Report of the proceedings of the meeting of the Stanger (?) branch of the Natal Indian Congress, detailing instances of oppression of Indian traders and coolies by the whites.

000000278

27.03.1895

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The "Brewers' Journal" gives 40 examples of teetotal (teetotal) drink which contain a good quantity of alcohol.

000000281

28.03.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12238

NATAL WITNESS, Editor

2

A Vigorous defence by Gandhiji of his view-point re: Muslim Law of inheritance namely the relative have an exclusive claim upon the estate The judgement would entail great hardship upon Muslims.

000000279

28.03.1895

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It is to be hoped that the coolie bids in the coming auction-sale of property will not be taken notice of. Sammy's company is very unpleasant.

000000283

29.03.1895

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If the franchise Bill be vetoed, it will be passed again and again till it gets the sanction.

000000282

29.03.1895

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(1) He had always opposed 10,000 pound vote. (2) The Franchise Bill was good but Home Government's opposition could have been avoided by raising the franchise qualification for Indians only.

000000284

30.03.1895

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Whether Indians as British subject have the same status as the whites will be decided by the arbitration of the Chief Justice of the Free State.

000000285

01.04.1895

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An article full of vituperation and abuse for the Asiatic traders. "an unclean, dishonest and cut-throat set of rascals." etc.

000000286

08.04.1895

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The paper gives the whole history in brief of the attempts of Transvaal Government to confine Indians to Locations. The award is a great victory for the Trans-Government and is a Land mark in the South Africa Struggle.

000000287

09.04.1895

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The writer wants Indians as indentured Labour they should be repatriated after the indenture period He therefore supports the Bill but fears that the measure might be vetoed by Home Government and if they do not veto, the Indian Government might stop immigration to Natal which he feels will affect them adversely.

000000289

10.04.1895

12239

JUNIUS

12199

NATAL MERCURY, Editor

1

The writer roundly condemns the attitude of the judge in asserting that G.was ignorant of Muslim Law. But the editor says the judge had acquired special knowledge of that Law.

000000288

10.04.1895

12239

JUNIUS

12199

NATAL MERCURY, Editor

1

Mr. Gandhi's protégé is getting it not all round. He (The Indian) is charged of dispossessing his white rival by unfair means. The writer pooh-poohs the argument of the whites in this matter.

000000290

10.04.1895

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A Free State riot between whites and natives on disagreement as to the terms of employment. Rev. H. says "the attack on the native was the most disgraceful and brutal affair."

000000291

11.04.1895

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In as much as it does not compel repatriation but only imposes a fine on freed coolies, the bill is ineffective.

000000292

11.04.1895

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It is practically a victory for Transvaal. The Home Governments seems to have been a willing partner and they can now say to the Indian Government that by leaving everything to the courts they have done their best.

000000293

12.04.1895

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The Bill will help us but very slightly towards the solution of the Indian Problem. The tax on 'free' Indians must be prohibitive and must extend to his children also. The Government should take the trader as well as the labourer in hand.

000000295

13.04.1895

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An instance of a respectable Indian being arrested and harassed under the pass Laws. The Writer says some remedy should be found.

000000296

17.04.1895

12240

DOUGLAS, W. M.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

You make out a strong case and I sympathise. The present conduct is certainty. Un-Christian.

000000298

19.04.1895

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The writer shows why "Christianity is a failure among the kaffirs". He says the new apostles are anything but Christ's followers and then roundly condemns missionaries and modern civilization.

000000297

19.04.1895

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The Daily Telegraph has discovered "Somewhat too late in the day" that Gandhiji has addressed letters and representation on behalf of Indians.

000000294

20.04.1895

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The writer is alarmed at the phenomenal growth of cotton mills in India. Quoting figures he feels that they will outs the European not only from the Indian but ultimately from the African market also.

000000299

24.04.1895

12243

PILLAY, A.S.DOROSAMY

12244

STANDARD & DIGGERS NEWS, Editor

2

"I have been hated here by all, without cause," and then follows an account of an incident in which he was insulted Conveys personal news.

000003577

24.04.1895

12568

ROOTH & WESSELS

00243

TYAB, Haji Khan Mohammad & CO.

1

We send you herewith two memorials signed by Heynaann Gordon & Co., and others and certificate signed by Dr. Spink.

000000423

24.04.1895

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Sworn testimony of Haji Mahomed Haji Dada, of a very respectable family that name,re: the annoyance harassment and insults heaped upon him on account of the pass system

000000300

25.04.1895

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My Government asked for a conference of representatives of all the colonies of S. Africa to take concerted action re: the Indian Problem. Indian Immigration Bill will also be submitted.

000000301

26.04.1895

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The article continues the diatribes against the luxurious missionary and asserts that Muslims succeed because they are simpler and more fraternal The Christian fails because he is not such. It also eulogises the Tolstoyan Principle of non possession.

000000419

27.04.1895

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Another distinguished doctor certifies to the sanitary and hygienic condition of the residences of Indians.

000000303

27.04.1895

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Three artillery men were convicted to 3 month's r. I. and 15 lashes each for "this cowardly attack"

000000304

27.04.1895

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raising the educational qualifications can bar effectively most Indians from voting. It will remove the objection against the present bill which is based on colour prejudice.

000000306

27.04.1895

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Duplicate of SN304

000000305

27.04.1895

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A baker T.I. Benny was fined 3 pounds for keeping a filthy bake house (evidently he was a white).

000000302

27.04.1895

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The report shows how all sense of fair play or justice are thrown to the winds when it is a matter between the white and the Black. The poor Black was lynched give some details.

000000418

27.04.1895

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H.Prior veale,a distinguished medical practitioner of Pretoria certifies that during his extensive practice among Indians, he has found them of clean habits.

000000307

29.04.1895

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It was decided not to send representative to the conference of all colonies as proposed by Natal on coolie problem

000000308

30.04.1895

12243

PILLAY, A.S.DOROSAMY

12244

STANDARD & DIGGERS NEWS, Editor

2

The fact that the Indian question has been submitted for arbitration to a prejudiced Dutchman lends colour to the suspicion of an intrigue between Transvaal and British Government

000000310

02.05.1895

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The General Manager of Cape Railways recommends reduction in fair for long distance travel which will result in economic gain. We recommend reduction in number of classes also to reduce weight of trains.

000000313

02.05.1895

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Fell's speech : He welcomed the abolition. He wished to see one court and one Law for the white and the black.

000000312

02.05.1895

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The Free state's refusal to meet Natal in Conference was due not to inter-colonial jealousy, but to self-satisfaction born of the De Villier's award which ditched the issue for them.

000000311

02.05.1895

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"There was, he held one law for the white and for the Black." The abolition of the Native High Court was, therefore good.

000000309

02.05.1895

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Details re: different classes and arrangement on Natal Railway lines including separate compartments for "Banyans"

000000314

03.05.1895

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A coolie Hotel waiter charged his white master with assault, and beating He produced a hand-kerchief saturated with blood. But this evident was considered exaggerated.

000000315

03.05.1895

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2

The article futher details upon the numerous un-Christian practices and beliefs of the missionary who is often the vanguard of the Imperialist armies.

000000316

04.05.1895

12245

HASSIM SUMAR,STANDERTON F.A.R

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Two sheets full of signatures are sent along with.

000003578

04.05.1895

12569

SOUPEN J.C.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Kindly supply me with a fresh amount of train fare as the last allowance has been exhausted.

000000317

05.05.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12246

MOHAMAD KASSIM KAMROODIN

1

Received Indian Signatures. Get Dutch Signatures and send them to Pretoria. I have wired there: Every Indian must exert to avoid repentances.

000000434

07.05.1895

00187

INDIANS OF NATAL

12282

MEMBERS & SPEAKER LEG. ASSEMBL

2

The proposal of the re-indenture or in default 3 pound tax is unjust, uncalled for and against British Principles. We pray redress.

000000319

07.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

A farmer was fined pound 75 or 6 months for inflicting 'barbarous' treatment on a boy of 14. The farmer pleaded guilty but said he was entitled to do so as a master. Gruesome details are given here:

000000322

08.05.1895

00927

POST MASTER GENERAL

00047

DADA ABDOOLA & CO.

1

Re-arrangement of the counter-space and separate accommodations for Asiatics will be provided this year.

000000323

08.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The paper opines that the first bill delegating power to an independent body is good but the second bill is not satisfactory as breach of contract by the coolie to return to India at the end of the period is not to be a criminal offence. Thus the Indian coolie problem remains unsolved.

000000320

08.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Report of the debate in the Assembly. The bill passed the second reading. It makes the Board independent of Government.

000000321

08.05.1895

12196

M.L.A.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

I have succeeded in getting time for consideration of the petition by the Committee of the House. I should say, however, that I cannot sympathise with the contentions of the petition

000000318

08.05.1895

12246

MOHAMAD KASSIM KAMROODIN

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Sorry. No Dutchman is willing to sign.

000003579

08.05.1895

12436

COMROODIN & CO. & OTHER INDIAN

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

We have not much money. We have not been able to secure signatures. But we will do our best. Two Doctors' certificates enclosed. Gor your wire:

000000325

09.05.1895

12247

ABDOOLA HAJI ADAM & INDIANS

12248

PRESIDENT & M.L.A.

1

Indian petition against the Bill setting forth arguments to Shaw that the bill is "unjust uncalled for and against British principles."

000000324

09.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

J.P.s or town-jurors should not sit with magistrates to try native cases. They are most prejudiced against the natives.

000000329

09.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

No coloured employer to be eligible for a seat on the Board. This is the report of the Committee stage of the Bill.

000000326

09.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Municipalities were granted power to point out Locations, issue passes to Indian and fix hours for their moving about.

000000327

09.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Debate shows that the house is favourably inclined towards the Bill.

000000328

09.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

A report of the debate on the Bill. The debate shows that every one agreed with the principles of the Bill.

000000331

10.05.1895

12249

PLOUGHMAN, John, An admirer of

12250

SPURGEON (Rev. Mr.)

2

The letter shows up the "emptiness of religious life in Maritzburg" and the solidity of our love for lucre:

000000332

10.05.1895

12251

STEWARD, G.

12252

INKANYISO, Editor

2

The writer of the article has overproved his case when he roundly condemns Christian missionaries The Editor's note:" We admit the attack is unduly severe".

000000330

10.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Severe adverse comments specially on the first Bill, as being ineffective and Likely to be opposed by the British Government as a piece of class legislation.

000000333

11.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Comments in support of both the Bills." There is nothing (in the Immigration Bill) to which unbiased judgement can object".

000000334

14.05.1895

00232

HABIB, Haji

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Informs that 491 signatures of the Dutch and 1340 of the Europeans have been received on the petition and that it is arranged to pay to the person who presents the petition to the parliament pound 250 if it is successful, Otherwise 3 pounds.

000003580

15.05.1895

12533

REHMAN, Abdool

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

We have got 1300 European and 235 Dutch signatures and sent them to Pretoria. Sorry we cannot send you pound 50. But we are sending you pound 10.

000000335

15.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Proceedings of the Committee stage. Resolved that a 3 pound. tax be imposed on freed Indians and " recovered by summery process.

000000336

16.05.1895

12253

MUNSHI A. DAWOOD

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

"If I am already included in the printed list of members, I shall pay, Otherwise I will not."

000000337

16.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Criticism of the Bills. It is unjust to impose 3 pound tax on Indians only and not on other non European immigrants As non-Europeans also are vitally affected they should have some representation on the Trust Board.

000000339

17.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The solution of the native problem his in the way Jesus pointed out-namely to treat the native as a brother, The mission must therefore first truly convert themselves.

000000338

17.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Cope town and Port-Elizabeth have started a move to confine Asiatics to Locations. An interpellation is to be put inquiring if Government will propose to stoppage of immigration.

000000340

18.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Transvaal aught to subdue magats. The white race means to rule. Some "injustice "may be wrong but, some blood spilled but thorough subjugation of Africa will do great good to the natives themselves.

000000343

20.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

A very unusual instance of discharge, though the assault was proved "The Railway company had treated Coolies as badly as a pharaoh who ordered Jews to make bricks without straw"

000000342

20.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Imperial Government opposes class legislation. But we propose to take united action after the Conference of all colonies which Natal has proposed.

000003581

20.05.1895

12533

REHMAN, Abdool

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your wire - we send 675 (Indians) sign, more European and Dutch sign. 50 each sent to Pretoria.

000000346

21.05.1895

00927

POST MASTER GENERAL

00047

DADA ABDOOLA & CO.

1

Separate accommodation at the Durban Post Office counter has been arranged for "the general convenience of the public"

000000347

21.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Debate on the East London Municipal Bill empowering the Municipality to issue passes, reserve Locations etc. Hofmeyr Act exempted some natives.

000000345

21.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The paper ridicules the contentions of the Indian petition against the Bill and says that its (Petitions) arguments lacks common sense.

000000349

22.05.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

2

Gandhiji writes that the report (and many such reports) in the paper was very greatly exaggerated and misstated and "always to the disadvantage of Indians". The editor remarks that it was not intentionally so exaggerated.

000000348

22.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

It was resolved at Stanger that only employers could give passes to their coolies for buying liquor.

000000351

25.05.1895

12254

RESIDENTS & INDIANS OF VRYBURG

12255

BECHUANALAND STA, Administrator

2

Welcome addresses to the administrator of Bechuanaland were presented by the town of Vryburg and the Indians of the place. Both were suitably replied to.

000003582

25.05.1895

12570

CAMROODIN, M.C.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

Government has now approved regulations, but we have advised hawkers Notice to mind the verbal note to remove.

000000350

25.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Strong support to the Bill and Mr. Escombe's speech on it. If coloured people are allowed the privilege of franchise. they will rule Natal in future:

000003583

27.05.1895

12570

CAMROODIN, M.C.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Verbatim quotation of Government Resolution re-locations. Received your wire but we do not propose to move. We will take the case to the High Court.

000000352

28.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

In pursuance of the award of the Free State Judge, instructions had been given to confine Indians to Locations.

000000344

28.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Government should take the public in to confidence, re: The Franchise Bill. The Immigration Bill is unworkable as forced repatriation is not possible.

000000353

29.05.1895

00232

HABIB, Haji

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Johannesburg hawkers-but not shop-keepers-have been given notice orally to remove to Locations. We have sent a legal notice inquiring by what authority and under what law, are the oral notices given.

000000354

30.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Mr. Tatham suggested that the Government should try to employ Europeans as interpreters instead of imported Indians !

000000356

31.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The root-cause of Native immorality is the slackness of character of white women (see 163 & 245) which the writer quotes. Not stringent punishment but real Love is the remedy.

000000355

31.05.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

An Arab' butcher was fined pound 2 for sleeping in his store-room where he kept meat for sale.

000000357

01.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

After giving brief history of the Laws on the subject all of which insisted on keeping accounts in English-the Government replied that at present they had no intention to amend the Law.

000000358

01.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The case of the butcher is not an isolated one. Indians are as a rule filthy. Fruit-vendors also should be punished.

000003584

02.06.1895

12570

CAMROODIN, M.C.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Please Draft a petition to High Court at cape Town if you deem it necessary to acquaint him "with our unfortunate position."

000000359

03.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

"A respectable middle-aged" European was fined 1 pound for assaulting a railway coolie. white foremen also should not take the law into their own hands as was done by the Eacavsed's son.

000003625

06.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Voucher: Expense- details of presentation of an address to Gandhiji presumably on his departure for India. pound 5-10-0.

000000360

07.06.1895

00351

INDIAN, An

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

The writer shows how oppressive the 3 pound tax is going to be on the poor coolie. He says the Imperial Government will not ratify such a measure as it is as unjust as the Franchise Bill

000000361

07.06.1895

12256

DUTY

12252

INKANYISO, Editor

1

The correspondent says that the writer of the critics must be thanked for his out spokenness and Love.

000000362

07.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The writer of the articles is bent upon vilifying the white women specially. Let those who want to "level up" the natives think what its effect will be, from this vituperation.

000003585

11.06.1895

12571

BRITISH INDIAN COMMITTEE

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

We have followed your advice in full and handed over the petitions (to Lord Ripon and Viceroy) to the High Command, at Pretoria. We have wired regarding verbal notice to Lord Ripon urging postponement and copy to wedderburn William.

000000363

12.06.1895

12257

'SONNY'

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

The Police Superintendent was unnecessarily colour-prejudiced when he charged some Indians playing tom-toms with causing annoyance to Church-goers A plea for justice.

000000364

13.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

To the query whether Government intended frequent transfers of Indians interpreters to prevent their undue influence Government replied that they would try to promote efficiency.

000003586

13.06.1895

00193

BIRD, C. [Principal Under-Secretary]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

We have received your letter regarding Railway Indians. Sentenced to jail for leaving work on the Mohrum.

000000365

14.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Times of Natal has done us injustice by taking extracts out of their context and emphasising minor points.

000000367

17.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Magistrate was disgusted with his work because he had to convict a coolie who preferred jail to hard work imposed by his estate master A very damning document.

000000369

17.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The coolie was in jail for two years and said he preferred death in gaol to work on the estate Report of 'Natal Mercury ' of the proceedings in Mr. Dillon's court.

000000368

17.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Vegetarian has an article by and portrait of Mr. M.K. Gandhi who dwells at length (in the article) upon the beauties of vegetarianism.

000000366

17.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Capital takes note of the strides made by Natal tea industry where yield per acre is greater than that in India. The planters depend entirely upon the coolies for their Labour.

000000341

18.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

There is something wrong somewhere when a man even a coolie-prefers prison to working for his master. The article admits that coolies might have been ill-treated.

000000371

18.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

To say that "Colonists give tacit encouragement "to outrages of white women by native is the most" wicked ,vile and cowardly lie" The'Inkanyiso' leader shows how native Locations will come to grief if placed in charge of native missions.

000000372

18.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

This is simply a continuation of SN 341. It is completed here .The gist is the same as in that letter.

000000370

18.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Love for non-British races, the Kaffirs and Hindus, which the Bishop preaches is "both unreal and disastrous in effect."

000000373

19.06.1895

00351

INDIAN, An

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

The police arrest them for want of passes even when passes are produced and get them fined. The Protector of Immigrants fails to protect them

000000374

19.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Coolie, says a writer in "Capital" is indispensable, necessary, valuable and useful" to Natal and Yet while they do not want his presence they want his services !

000000375

20.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A scathing condemnation of Boer policy which is to exterminate Natives with the help of natives themselves. Magoba was by the savage Swazis allies of the semi-savage Boers.

000000376

20.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Though accidents in Rand mines are few, there is room for vast improvement in precautions against accidents and ill-health in the case of the coolies.

000000378

21.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

8

This is a noble sermon delivered with evident sincerity, It makes a fervent appeal to the whites to broaden their Love and include Kaffirs and Hindus also in their hearts.

000000377

21.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Several burghers have petitioned to the Government requesting that Indian traders be allowed to remain as they are useful to the country districts.

000000379

23.06.1895

12258

RAMAN A FOR INDIAN COMMITTEE

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

We propose to present welcome- addressed to the Governor of Natal and High Commissioner of South Africa, Please express your opinion.

000000435

25.06.1895

00187

INDIANS OF NATAL

12282

MEMBERS & SPEAKER LEG. ASSEMBL

2

The measure is unprecedented through out the Colonial history and should be rejected.

000000380

25.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Indian traders of Durban and elsewhere have presented a petition to the Legislative Council.

000000381

26.06.1895

12247

ABDOOLA HAJI ADAM & INDIANS

12196

M.L.A.

2

The full text of the petition which gives cogent reasons for rejecting the Bill

000000383

26.06.1895

12208

CAMPBELL, A. M. (M.L.C.)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

The petition was read But there is no likelihood of any change in 3 pound Licence. The Bill has the approval of Natal Indian Delegation.

000000382

26.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

About 250 coolies were fined l sh. each for leaving their work in a body. It seems they had a just grievance. Gandhiji appeared on their behalf.

000000384

27.06.1895

12259

RUFFE S.A.

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

He says that he always tried to discharge his duties honestly and sometimes incurred the displeasure of his own countrymen (Indians) thereby. still he was persecuted on account of race hatred.

000000385

27.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Both the Bills were read a second time after discussion whose report is given here:

000000386

27.06.1895

12260

WEBB ALFRED HOUSE OF COMMONS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

"You are being infamously treated by the Colony and you will be so treated by the Home Government if they do not compel the colonies to alter their policy. Personally, I can do little" etc.

000000389

28.06.1895

12261

COLONIST OF 30 YEARS STANDING, A

12262

INKANYISO

1

The writer pays a tribute to the paper as consistently loyal and well advanced and says there are some whites who approve of the articles.

000000390

28.06.1895

09286

WILCOX W. C.

12262

INKANYISO

2

The articles have harmed Christianity, as they contain some things that are true, but the general impression they create is false. Editor's note :The articles were not against Christianity but against missionary work.

000000391

28.06.1895

12264

SOUPEN N.

00275

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS

1

Please grant me train-fare to enable me to attend meetings of Natal Indian Congress and Natal Indian Education Association.

000000387

28.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Under article 1353 of a bye-law of volksraad, some Arab traders successfully resisted an attempt to force them to live in Locations.

000000388

28.06.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

We do not want to hold up the Whites to the contempt of our brethren-nor does the writer of the article.

000000392

01.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

Thank you for your desire to conciliate our Indian employers Maize meal is given on all plantations, and is found acceptable. An additional quantity which is now supplied has satisfied the coolies.

000000393

10.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Government propose to submit a new bill which, the Government believes would meet with the approval of the Imperial Government.

000000394

11.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The appointment of Mr. Mathews, a European as Hindustani Interpreter does not meet with general approval. The person who had lived with them and is learned in their customs is the proper person for such a post.

000000395

11.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Will the new Bill which Government is to propose, and which is likely to be approved by the Home Government, meet with the approval of the colonist of Natal!

000000396

12.07.1895

12267

SCOTT, James

12262

INKANYISO

1

The reason why such articles should not be published in your paper is that they were mostly untrue.

000000397

16.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

As the Magistrate was not content with his salaam, and forcibly removed his cap C. Abdoola sued the R. Magistrate for pound 50 damages. Gandhiji and Mr. Bale appeared for him. Incomplete report of the case.

000000400

17.07.1895

12268

A.E.I.

00111

TIMES OF NATAL

1

Natives and coolies have ceased to salute us (the whites), and so they should be made to even with Boer force, if necessary.

000000399

17.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

At last the cat is out of the bag-the premier indirectly admitted the other day that the Bill was disallowed. what about the brave words of passing the Bill 'again and again'

000000402

19.07.1895

12270

WOLFF D. EKUHLENGENI

12262

INKANYISO

1

The writer has harmed the cause of Christianity by unjustly condemning of the missionaries.

000000403

19.07.1895

00187

INDIANS OF NATAL

12247

ABDOOLA HAJI ADAM & INDIANS

1

For your many qualities of head and heart, and for your work as president during the first year of Natal Indian Congress.

000000401

19.07.1895

12269

FAJUIBHAI VISHRAM

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Having no locus standi, I shall do my best to help you unofficially, though it is difficult to see what relief (except moral) it is to be expected.

000000404

20.07.1895

12271

COOKE, C.B.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Account of expenses in Benet case in Gandhiji's own Handwriting.

000000405

22.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Thanks for cheque for your pound 4-18-2. I am legally entitled to that amount as per details given here:

000000406

23.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

7

Vouchers for expenses for a case in Pmburg

000000408

24.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

'The Times' declares that an awkward situation is impending on account of Indian agitation against S. A. Republic. The Proclamation of 1858 secures Indians a right to be treated fairly.

000000407

24.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

There is a great increase in arrests but that is due not to increase in crime, but to the contravention of Indian Immigration Law. The coolie is more drunken than the native.

000000409

24.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

It is to be hoped that this case will put a stop to the assumptions of Indians. Coolies are more prompt to litigation than Kaffirs.

000000410

26.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Severe strictures on the 'Times 'for its advocacy of Indians and on the Imperial Government for insisting or racial equality.

000000411

26.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

While acknowledging to the full our indebtedness to the missionaries are must keep our paper open to every free and lawful expression of opinion. Missionaries at least should not try to suppress us.

000000412

27.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

They must be allowed to tom-tom, near their own cottages.

000000413

27.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Indian trader is remarkably civil and very obliging but not a good colonist or desirable competitor on account of his extremely stingy habits. The clean and civil coolie does his work and well and cheaper.

000000416

29.07.1895

12272

TYAB, Haji Khan Mohammad

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I am sending 20 pounds, will send more 'the Times' has favourably commented upon Transvaal Indian's Petition etc.

000000414

29.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Sir Bartlett is ever a champion of the Indian cause. He got a petition of Transvaal Indians laid on the table.

000003587

29.07.1895

12570

CAMROODIN, M.C.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thanks to your honour for the press cutting of London Times. Pretoria Indians break their promises regarding subscription. Here also largely so.

000000417

30.07.1895

12273

BRITISH INDIANS IN S.A.REPUBLIC

12274

RIPON (Lord) (SEC.OF STATE FOR COLONIES

9

200 traders, 2000 hawkers, and 1500 labourers are adversely affected by the award given by the Free State Chief Justice, it affects his Status, his trade his property etc.

000000415

30.07.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

With "The Times"-the new Government's organ advocating the Indian cause, the outlook for Natal is not happy. But we have grounds for hope from Lord Landsdowne, the new Secretary for India There is a great improvement in the looks of Indians specially females That would go long way to wards reconciliation.

000000425

02.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

It is certainty in violation of the understanding according to which all British subjects were to be given equal rights.

000003588

02.08.1895

12571

BRITISH INDIAN COMMITTEE

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

6

Desires to be relived of the burden of Chairmanship bitterly complains against apathy of some Indians especially of Pretoria. As also against Durban Indians whom the writer suspects.

000000426

03.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Adverse criticism of Negrophobes for refusal to admit a native to the Maritzburg Parliamentary Debating Society.

000000427

05.08.1895

12277

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

The magistrate rightly convicted them for being absent on the Mohurram festival which is not a recognised holiday. They can however have recourse to the protector who has the legal right to intervene.

000003589

06.08.1895

12570

CAMROODIN, M.C.

00275

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS

1

Since we have bought the property which includes your Meeting Hall, Kindly pay the rent to us.

000000428

06.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

8

2nd Bill of expenses - some part in G's own handwriting.

000000429

07.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The sermon deplored the lack of Christian principles in business and politics of Natal and exhorted every one to be loving.

000000433

08.08.1895

00187

INDIANS OF NATAL

12281

COLONIAL SECRETARY [CHAMBERLAIN]

11

We pray that sanction be refused to this bill which is a piece of class legislation and which practically enslaves labourers.

000000430

09.08.1895

12277

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

12247

ABDOOLA HAJI ADAM & INDIANS

1

Your petition for transmission to the Colonial Secretary was duly received.

000000431

10.08.1895

12277

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

A memorial to the Indian Government should pass through this office, which will transmit it to H. E. The Governor (?)

000000436

12.08.1895

12283

RAHIM ABDOOL REHMAN LADYSMITH

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Please send me a copy in Gujarati of the letter and keep me informed of the activities of the Congress.

000000437

15.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The treatment of Natives by whites cannot stand scrutiny. The decision of the Supreme Court, in the recent sigcas case, is a severe censure upon Rhodes' Administration.

000000432

16.08.1895

12279

ABDOOL KARIM HAJI ADAM & INDIAN

12280

VICEROY & GOVERNOR GEN.INDIA

2

We pray that immigration be stopped, but sanction should not be given to this obvious enslaving measure:

000000438

16.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Another Bill of expense in the case.

000003590

17.08.1895

00193

BIRD, C. [Principal Under-Secretary]

12247

ABDOOLA HAJI ADAM & INDIANS

1

Your letter forwarding a petition regarding the Bill for transmission to the Viceroy of India has been duly received.

000023943

20.08.1895

00014

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

03461

JOSEPH

1

Requests for an appointment for the deputation to wait on him.

000000439

20.08.1895

12284

MIR, Mohammad

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

The following is the list of contributors who have promised in all pound 20 from Dundee.

000000440

23.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

All Wesleyans ministers are tee-totalers but there are Wesleyans who deal in liquor. To advertise "God is good but Natal tea is better" is blasp hemons.

000000441

27.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

A venomous attack on the "Coolie" who 'levers out' trade from the whiteman's hand; with the usual charge of filth. In Barberton coolie trade was done away with by threat of violence.

000023920

28.08.1895

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

08280

JOSEPH, Hon.

5

Encloses copies of a statement which narrates briefly the various measures taken of proposed, which resulted in Hardships and humilitation to the Indian community. The owtensible ground given is sanitation but the real reason is fear of legitimate and honest competition from Indian merchants. It is prayed that British Indians be treated on a par with other British subjects.

000000442

28.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

It is a writing on the wall, an augury that passenger traffic will pass from our hands. The Ministry indifferent.

000000490

29.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Detailed Report of the presentation of Indian grievances, by the Indian Deputation, and Mr. Chamberlain's reply to them.

000023918

30.08.1895

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

08278

TIMES OF INDIA, Editor

1

It consisted of 4 Hindus, 2 Muslims and 2 Parsees.

000000443

30.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Abyssinia and Matabeland are good for Europeans. Where they cannot live, Indian Colonies should be founded. The Native is always indolent and his increasing number is a danger to whites.

000000526

30.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The solution lies in imposing and observing strict sanitary restrictions. That will prevent filth. This will also clear out the Asiatic or send him to jail.

000000451

31.08.1895

12285

INDIANS IN SOUTH AFRICAN REPUBLIC

12280

VICEROY & GOVERNOR GEN.INDIA

18

Enumerates the grievances and prays for intervention. It appends petition to Lord Ripon with its annexures.

000000452

31.08.1895

12277

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

12247

ABDOOLA HAJI ADAM & INDIANS

1

The Petitions have been forwarded to the Secretary for Colonies and the Viceroy of India through the Secretary of State.

000000447

31.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Indian is "a parasite" wishing to reap what he has not sown, and so does not deserve political equality with the whites - a thing he has not get in India itself.

000000449

31.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

The White race is higher than the yellow and it shall rule the latter, So there can never be political equality Mr. Chamberlain should know it.

000000448

31.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

If he is not treated sometimes at par it is because of his filthy and stingy habits.

000000446

31.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The 'Times' asserts that Indians as British subjects are entitled to fair treatment. The Colonial office should see to it.

000000445

31.08.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A deputation of 2 Indian leaders, the present and late M.P.S. waited upon Mr. Chamberlain re: Indians in South Africa. Reply : The Government would use its friendly influence on behalf of Indians.

000000454

02.09.1895

12287

SING K.R.

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

To avoid corruption Indian interpreters must be replaced by Europeans.

000000455

02.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Mr. Chamberlain indicated that Natal Act would probably be disallowed. Also a gist of "The Times" article. (SN 408)

000000456

03.09.1895

12288

COLONIST'S OBJECTION COOLIE VOTE

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

Meetings should have been organised to impress upon the Home Government, the strength of feelings of the Colonists against granting franchise to the Indians.

000000457

03.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Condemnation of the Natal Government for their weak-kneed policy in submitting to the Home Government, re: the Franchise Bill. They bullying by "The Times" must be resisted.

000000458

03.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Most likely the Home Government will not approve of the Franchise Bill.

000000459

03.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Indian Roman Catholics presented a welcome address to Father Monginour. Among other things they draw his attention to the existence of colour prejudice among the white Christians; he replied that he would exert his utmost to remove it.

000000460

03.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

"The Times" should realise that Indians are not wanted here and not likely to be well treated here:

000000453

03.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Criticism of the "Times" article which espoused the cause of Indians. "It is for Indians to study our views of civilization and ways of living and not for us to give in to their desires and wishes."

000000461

04.09.1895

12289

G.P.G.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

2

An apologist of the Natal Government contends that posts are given by the Government to only those who succeed in the competitive examinations.

000000462

05.09.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

2

Gandhiji states that in India, there are no distinction between the white and the Indian, that if the original settlers only are to have the full benefit, why admit non-Indians (Germans etc.) who came later on to benefit and appeals to the Editor to see for himself whether Indians are as stingy or of as unsanitary habits as reported in his paper. Editor's note : There are not many Gandhis is S. A. and their criticism is levelled against the Indian community as a whole.

000000463

05.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Natal demand about disfranchisement of Indians has the support of all sister colonies of South Africa.

000000464

05.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

It is to be hoped that he does not precipitately commit himself to any definite statement of policy. The average Britisher does not understand the race problem of South Africa. He desires S. A. to enfranchise the Asiatics While they do not do so in India.

000000465

06.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

"The Times" wanted Transvaal to realise the serious injustice it inflicts upon Indians in confining them to locations etc.

000000468

06.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

The Whiteman is the fittest and we will see that he survives. Indians are treated better here than Christians in Turkey. Mr. Chamberlain will face serious consequences if he persists in his "British Subject" theory.

000000466

06.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Mr. Gandhi shrewdly points out that Indians are quite content to have in South Africa the rights they possess in India. But the paper adds, South Africa has a different meaning of justice for Indians.

000000469

06.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Meeting should be held all over South Africa to convince Lord Chamberlain that S. A. will not tolerate any dictation on Indian Franchise issue. S. A. is not to be a "dumping ground" for idiots and dishonest persons - qualities associated with Indians.

000000470

06.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

Mr. Chamberlain's definite announcement means that "the Natal Colonist is to stand aside for the wily Arab is to be brought down to his level". A suggestion is made to adopt the policy that was adopted when the question of admittance of Chinese to Australia was settled.

000000467

06.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

After detailing the derivation and present meaning of honesty, the article says that it is found neither in our church nor trade, nor home.

000000471

09.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The fact that they prefer jail to estate work, does not mean that they are ill-treated. Often they lodge false complaints.

000000474

10.09.1895

12290

MARSTON, Francis T.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

2

Mr. Gandhi as an able advocate, makes the best of a bad case, but I know by a long stay in India that Indians possess very limited power against the Englishman and Indians as a race, are unfit to rule.

000000473

10.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

"If franchise were given over to Indians, we may as well allow them to govern the country."

000000472

10.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Indians are not deprived of any privilege which they enjoy in India, and so the remarks of "The Times" are irrelevant.

000000475

11.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Text of Mr. Jameson's resolutions in Johannesburg Municipality. Both were referred to Sanitary Committee, for report.

000034056

12.09.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00000

"BLANK"

346

The papers in foolscap size note-book bearing No. SN-34056 contain the particulars of the court case of Rangaswamy Padiachy handled by Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa in the year 1895.

000000477

13.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Racial differences are too great to admit of absolute equal status to all British Subjects.

000000476

13.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

"The Times" champions the Indian case and says that the Indian Government may be forced to take steps to secure equal status for Indians in all he parts of the Empire:

000000478

16.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

A Speaker while reviewing a work of the sessions asserts that franchise was impossible for Indians. If a rare Gandhi deserves it, so does a rare native.

000000479

16.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Capt. Lucas, the judge objected to Mr. Gandhi prompting Mr. Millar and thus doing the work of an attorney's clerk. Mr. Millar asked what harms there was a barrister did a clerk's work. The matter was dropped.

000003591

18.09.1895

12572

NAYAR, C. SANKARAN

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

By questions in Legislative Council and articles in my 'Madras Review' I will take up the matter. Please send me marriage Laws for Natives (laws named...)

000000480

19.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Padiachy an Indian Congress Leaders was charged with intimidating a Crown witness. Incomplete report of the case.

000000481

20.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Denunciation of 'the Times' for advocating coercion of some on the colonies for franchise to Indians.

000000484

21.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Proceedings of the case "The Coolie" got 2 pound damages when he sued for 100 pounds.

000000485

21.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Adverse comment by Mr. Winter with a view to stiffen anti-Indian provisions of the Law.

000000483

21.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

"The existence and effective activities of the Congress were accidentally revealed in a recent suit.

000000482

21.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Sammy means to stay and assert himself even in Transvaal. For being expelling him from a Football match to witness which he had paid pound 2/ awarded as damages though his claim was for pound 100/-

000000501

23.09.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

Gandhiji details the aims and activities of the Congress and objects to the remark that it is a secret organisation.

000000487

23.09.1895

00153

ONLOOKER

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

Such conduct towards a Barrister must be resented. Mr. Gandhi should take up the matter.

000000486

23.09.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

2

An effective reply to Mr. Franci's Letter showing the increasing fitness of Indians and the fact that franchise in India is not based on the colour question.

000000488

24.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The chance discovery of an organisation that does not scruple at tampering with justice shows how Indians would rule Natal, if they could. The article is full of insinuations and charges against Indians.

000000489

25.09.1895

12291

'H'

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

Your remarks show what danger it is. A court interpreter is said to be as the bottom. He must be found out and punished.

000000491

25.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

Adverse comments on 'The Times" Leader and the argument of the Deputation that waited on Chamberlain. The "British Indian Subject" point of view is unacceptable as the majority of the Indians are of very Low type. There is no objection to the educated among them. But The 'Times' cannot see it because it has the wrong end of the telescope.

000000492

25.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

Severe condemnation of The Times' leader. Mr. Chamberlain must be told emphatically what South Africa Wants. They cannot ask us to give to Indians what they refuse to give to them in India.

000000494

26.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

We were justified in saying that the congress corries on its activities secretly, but now Mr. Gandhi has given us full details. Then follows the report of the year's work.

000000495

26.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

Mr. Chamberlain plainly told the deputation that the British Government did intend to accept Loyally the arbitration of Free-state Chief-judge re: Transvaal Coolies are just like natives and so cannot expect privileges denied to the Natives However there is no question of religion as all religions are good.

000000493

26.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Capt. Lucas has rendered great services to the country by unearthing existence and the maChination of the Congress.

000000497

27.09.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

Your correspondent "H" is misinformed No interpreter ever took part in the meetings or in drafting rules and memorials.

000000496

27.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

From some remarks it is now evident that Mr. Chamberlain is not so opposed to the Colonies as was feared.

000000498

27.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

The full text of Chamberlain's replies shows that he is not as unsympathetic to the Colony as was surmised reading the cable summary.

000000499

28.09.1895

12291

'H'

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

I adhere to my statement that an Interpreter a civil servant is behind the whole move. Mr. Gandhi earns 3 pounds per month from it.

000000500

28.09.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

It is not a secret organisation, and Indians like others ought to be allowed "free speech" etc. as these are fundamentals of British Constitution.

000000503

02.10.1895

12292

CHINGLEPUT

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

Only a tiny minority seek franchise. Mr. Gandhi & Co. should remove the grave evil. among Indians rather than clamour for franchise.

000000504

02.10.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A Report of two meetings Gandhiji addressed. He asked for complete enrolment and full subscription and said that he proposed to go to India to induce some barristers to come here:

000000502

02.10.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Indians deserve locations on account of unsanitary habits. Dadabhai etc. aGitate to get cheap notoriety and to get franchise in India. "The Muslim lion, the Hindu lamb, and the Parsee leopard" approached the child (Chamberlain) who gave them a fitting reply,

000000505

03.10.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

while convicting Padiachy, The magistrate passed severe strictures against the Natal Congress for taking part in that business Report of the Case and judgement.

000000517

04.10.1895

12293

RALEIGH R.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

There should be no discrimination between them, and if any, it should be in favour of the Native while it is the Indian who has it at present.

000000516

04.10.1895

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

Let me assure 'H' that I am not a paid Secretary - though some Indians do pay me retainers. Congress has nothing to hide.

000000515

04.10.1895

00250

JUSTICE

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

"H". is making too much of a tiny thing Even if there was an interpreter i.e. a civil servant behind the organisation no inquiry is necessary as it has not harmed us.

000000514

04.10.1895

00250

JUSTICE

00039

NATAL MERCURY

2

To disfranchise a man on account of birth is injustice Educational qualifications will be just and equally effective in barring Indians.

000000520

04.10.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Ministry should inform the public as to what happened to their proposal of a joint inter- colonial conference.

000000523

04.10.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Text of the judgement of Capt.. Lucas, Padiachy was sentenced to 6 weeks rigorous imprisonment

000000506

04.10.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Committee (Congress) is in no way absolved by proving that not the committee but some members took part in it.

000000521

04.10.1895

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"