Serial no.

Date

From no.

From Person

To no.

To Person

Pages

Summary

000000710

01.01.1896

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2

Some Whites have petitioned against annexation but their reasons for opposition are unconvincing. Annexation will on the contrary be beneficial.

000000711

06.01.1896

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1

Camper down and Richmond farmers protested against the appointment of a native Agent at the Rand and granting of franchise to Indians. They feel that Gandhiji is a paid aGitator.

000003638

08.01.1896

12323

ASKEW, O.J.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

Public opinion is so strong that you might be roughly handled shall? Continue to charge you for your clients' work, or shall I charge them direct?

000000714

10.01.1896

10956

COWASJI, Dinshaw Framrog

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Please send me a copy of Transvaal Indian's petition against. Transvaal's ratification to the law imposing conscription on Indians.

000000712

10.01.1896

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2

By an amendment of the constitution they were practically disfranchised. We hope the supreme court will not declare it void.

000000713

10.01.1896

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1

The article advocates the adaptation by Natal of the Austrian "Curia" system of election as a compromise measure:

000000716

11.01.1896

12321

ISHRE, V.A.

00275

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS

1

Hereby I bind myself to attend the Natal Indian Congress and to pay its subscription of 5 shs.

000000715

11.01.1896

00000

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1

"An old song resung" to ridicule Gandhiji and his activities it is full of insinuations also.

000000729

13.01.1896

02804

PROTECTOR OF INDIAN IMMIGRANTS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Mr. Bayley's Indians have been paid wages at my office on 5th November.

000000717

15.01.1896

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1

Is an ignominious compromise brought about ? will not the ministry resign as they once boasted?

000000718

17.01.1896

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2

We urge compromise with the Home Government on this issue, especially as by following the Austrian Pattern viz. indirect voting and special constituencies of Asiatics It is possible to neutralise the Indian Vote.

000003617

20.01.1896

12236

BAKER & LINDSAY, SOLICITORS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Apparently short notes on them by Baker and Lindsays' Firm. [Incomplete only 1 page; Note: This is page of SN 994. So it is kept with SN 994.]

000003618

22.01.1896

12328

NATAL GOVERNMENT RAILWAYS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thanks for pointing out the matter. Any grievance regarding leave is to be referred to me. Will you in future take down names of the Complainants?

000000719

24.01.1896

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2

An eminent and experienced constitutional lawyer in England opines that in view of the Queens' Declaration of 1858 in India the home Government cannot agree to legislation debarring Indians from franchise and so suggests electoral districts with indirect voting educational test

000000720

24.01.1896

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Gandhiji was accepted as a sworn Gujarati translator in cases where he was not connected in any way.

000003619

24.01.1896

12323

ASKEW, O.J.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your offer of pound 1200 is accepted by my client. Only a bond or two will have to paid. Will you draw the transfer deed?

000000719

24.01.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

An eminent and experienced constitutional lawyer in England opines that in view of the Queen's Declaration at 1858 in Indian, the Home Government cannot agree to Legislation debarring Indians from franchise and so suggests electoral districts with indirect voting educational test.

000000720

24.01.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

 

000000721

25.01.1896

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"That there is a wealthy Indian Syndicate with quarter of a million's capital-to buy up the properties in Durban.

000000722

27.01.1896

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2

Mr. Gandhi by quoting statistics clinching the plea of swamping by Indian votes. He further invites attention to the existence of Punch system and proves that Representative institutions have penetrated no where so deeply as in India. The paper suggests amicable settlement.

000000726

29.01.1896

00070

OBSERVER

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

The writer criticises the Municipality and the wealthy Europeans for allowing Indians to buy a property and suggests that a Law be passed prohibiting sale lands to Indians.

000000724

29.01.1896

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"The Times" says that Great Britain could not afford a war of races among its own subjects. 1858 proclamation should be honoured.

000000723

29.01.1896

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2

The real difficulty is the want of knowledge and study of this question. The Ministry also does not take public in confidence. Indirect voting will create complications.

000000727

30.01.1896

00096

SYMPATHY

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

Though their crops are destroyed by Locusts, these poor Indians are required to undergo the expense of making drains in their gardens That is hard on them

000000728

31.01.1896

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Some backward states like Haiti do have electorates based on race. Will Natal rank itself among them ?

000000730

01.02.1896

00349

TOWN CLERK

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Mayor also concurs in refusing permission for music. He will however place the matter before the council to decide as to what would constitute a serious cause of complaint.

000000732

01.02.1896

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A big merchant Company gave the required passes to its 3 native employees only, after each of them bought a shirt worth 1/6 for 6 Shs.

000000731

01.02.1896

12323

ASKEW, O.J.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I can get the Title Deeds On a bonus of pound 15/-they are willing to accept payment of money on bond.

000000733

04.02.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

1

I congratulate you for your stress on Vegetarianism for health. The letter dwells at length upon the naturalness and advantages of vegetarianism.

000000734

05.02.1896

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A white constable was charged with assaulting an Indian Superintendent of the coolie Dept.Proceedings of the case.

000000735

06.02.1896

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2

The Constable was convicted to a fine of pound 1 or one week's jail.

000000736

06.02.1896

12323

ASKEW, O.J.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I regret to note that your clients now insert a new condition after my client had accepted your definite offer of pound 1200/- without prejudice to the sale, I shall try to meet your client's wishes.

000000740

07.02.1896

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If as is rumoured ,a new Bill is to be proposed, Indian Franchise will be fastened on Natal.

000000737

07.02.1896

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3

Contains regulations in various constitutions re (1) election by indirect voting, (2) representation by classes, (3) educational Test.

000000739

07.02.1896

12324

BOY'S PRIMARY SCHOOL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The council of Education had decided in 1894 that Indian Children be admitted to Government schools only after they had exhausted the resources of their own schools subsidized by Governments Exceptions however are made.

000000738

07.02.1896

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2

2 Members of Legislative Assembly said they were opposed to, franchise being given to Indians." It would be a sad day if Indians were given franchise."

000000741

08.02.1896

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2

It is a well written appeal-the author makes the most of his case, but we are unconvinced. The pamphlet contains a very interesting note [?] by Mr. Binnus,M.L. A,) on usefulness of Indians Immigrants.

000000744

11.02.1896

12326

BOY'S MODEL SCHOOL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your protégé has been entered in a suitable class, where every chance of advancing himself will be given to him.

000000743

11.02.1896

12325

KHARE, K.V.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

My greetings for your efforts. Hon.Mr. Tilaks proper address is as follows. Your letters to him are wrongly addressed, and are hence delivered to me.

000000745

12.02.1896

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Meetings such as at Ladysmith and Stanger antagonise the people here against Natal. The Franchise Bill as passed cannot be sanctioned Advocates indirect voting and special electorates.

000000747

14.02.1896

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Various devices suggested by the writer to prevent Indians swamping the electorate by citing instances from different constitutions.

000000746

14.02.1896

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2

Text of a petition against granting franchise to Indians which Mr. Blorf wanted to forward to Chamberlain.

000000748

18.02.1896

12327

VOTER IN NO 4. WARD

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

Without taking licences they ply their trade and also infringe the regulation prohibiting hawking near the market. They must be fined.

000000750

20.02.1896

12329

DURBAN HIGH SCHOOL

12330

BOOTH, Canon (Dr.)

1

For discipline's sake I cannot admit an old boy like Godfrey in to a from him of small boys for which alone he is fit.

000000749

20.02.1896

12328

NATAL GOVERNMENT RAILWAYS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your letter on the subject shall have my best attention.

000000753

21.02.1896

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Gandhiji pleaded that they had a right to be out as they gave a good account of themselves. They were acquitted.

000000754

21.02.1896

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2

"Imvo" protests against chamberlain's not vetoing Cape Colonies recent Bill directed against the natives and vetoing Indian franchise. But he (i.e.'Imvo') is wrong in his plea. Queen's Proclamation Supports Indians.

000000751

21.02.1896

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3

The dream of South Africa Federation has done more harm than anything else. A moderate franchise to Indians would form a solid block against the realisation of it. It will also prevent the onrush of Socialism.

000000752

21.02.1896

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Two Indians in European dress were charged under the Vagrancy Act, as they had no passes. They were however acquitted and advised to have passes.

000001537

25.02.1896

00084

ONE MUCH PERPLEXED

00085

PRESS (Newspaper), PRETORIA

1

Why is not wily Hindu confined to locations ? The "litte lot" close by me - their dwelling is enough to spread an epidemic.

000001538

25.02.1896

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The Arbiter of the recent Coolie conference has given us full powers to deal with the problem. The matter is serious and the evil must be nipped.

000000755

26.02.1896

12331

ABDOOL KARIM & OTHERS

12332

GOVERNOR OF NATAL & ZULULAND

4

The petition protest against the clause that :Only persons of European birth" can be owners of property in Nondweni Town. The Full text.

000000756

27.02.1896

10956

COWASJI, Dinshaw Framrog

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Nondweni regulations are the same as those Eshowe Town proclaimed by H.E.'s Predecessor on 28-9-1891.

000000757

27.02.1896

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If the pamphlet on the objects of Natal Indian Congress is published please send me a copy and also. to "Bechuanaland News"

000000761

28.02.1896

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Verbatim reproduction in Natal Mercury of the Indian Memorial against Nondeweni Township Law.

000000759

28.02.1896

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They have illegally established a morning market. near the mosque. But it dose not harm, The coolie hawker is really of great relief.

000000758

28.02.1896

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4

Gives instructions of various constitutions in British Empire, where voting by cata- gories exist. Advocates franchise to Indians on limited scale and suggests their inclusion while fixing Natal's representation in the South Africa Union Parliament if and when it comes into existence so that Natal's share can be Larger.

000001536

28.02.1896

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2

 

000000760

28.02.1896

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Probably a test re: the curfew law was tried. The trying magistrate acquitted the accused but suggested obtaining a pass from the Mayor. The paper says that if the Mayor issues passes indiscriminately he would nullify the Press Law.

000000763

28.02.1896

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Chamberlain will most probably include Indians among" inflanders" and thus give them rights in Transvaal. The Indian Government may, it is threatened take the extreme steps of stopping emigration to Natal, which would be detrimental to it. The Paper advocates caution and concessions.

000000762

28.02.1896

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'The Times' advocates the extension of franchise to Indians because they are thrifty and hard working, but does not know that this quality enables them to drain away the wealth of Natal Otherwise also they were undesirable.

000000725

29.02.1896

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2

Two Indians were arrested for being out after 9 P.M, but were acquitted Report of the proceedings. Gandhiji appeared for them. The observations of the Police Superintendent are interesting.

000000768

29.02.1896

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It is true that they have changed their front and given a pledge to Home Government to grant franchise to Indians ? We hope they have some little self-respect.

000000767

29.02.1896

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If Indians are the cause. it would be interesting to know if they are suffering and how many.

000000764

29.02.1896

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2

The Borough Medical Officer is illogical in his statement, that Indians are not the cause of it.

000000765

29.02.1896

00000

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1

Capt. Lucas the Resident Magistrate fixed the bail for pound 10/-while Mr. Waller assistant r. M. fixed it for pound 1/- The former was too severe:

000000766

29.02.1896

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Quashing of the sentence was an act of simple justice but he should have been awarded damages for illegal imprisonment and court expenses out of the pocket of trying magistrate.

000000769

02.03.1896

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1

A correspondent writes that Indian papers British and Natives are down on Natal . "Natal will be forced to accept the mild Hindu (the smell of 'em isn't ) as they would a white brother" Labour skilled as well as unskilled is very cheap in India.

000000770

03.03.1896

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2

It leaves many loopholes for Indians to get in to the roll. If Natal is to retain fit for whites, we must oppose the Blacks whose leader is "the capable, energetic and ambitious Indian- Gandhi".

000000771

03.03.1896

00000

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2

The clause excluding those 'Coming from countries not having elective representative institutions' is vogue and provides a loophole.

000000773

05.03.1896

12344

WASTON A.G.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

H.Excellency does not feel justified in altering the Regulations of Eshowe and Nondeweni as suggested by you

000000772

05.03.1896

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3

A Long and able editorial defending the proposed Bill. To prevent possible swamping by Indians in future, the paper suggests that raising of educational of property tests.

000000774

06.03.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

2

Gandhiji takes exception of the sneering remarks and the behaviour of the police towards the 2 Indians He cites in contrast the instance of the treatment meted out to an European suspect.

000000778

06.03.1896

12335

MUZZLER

00124

NATAL WITNESS

3

I advocate restricted franchise as a matter of justice and expediency. Lord Lansdowne's speech shows that racial exclusion is impossible Natal should accept Home Government's advice as she accepts other advantages from them.

000000781

06.03.1896

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A List of Indian subscribers with their amounts published by the Mayor.

000000780

06.03.1896

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4

The clause enabling the Governor to grant exemption from disfranchisement will lead to grave abuses This bill is in spirit the same as the old one that is withdrawn. will chamberlain agree to it?

000000775

06.03.1896

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Mr. Gandhi has done well in exposing the behaviour of the Police. The Superintendent should not rush into press when piqued.

000000776

06.03.1896

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1

They are taking undue advantage of the pest by raising prices of fruits etc. Licence system should be introduced to make them pay something.

000000779

06.03.1896

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1

A satirical poem on the Ministry's climb down and face re: Indian Franchise. "we have no back bone",etc.

000000777

06.03.1896

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1

We have gained not lost, by introducing cautiously-representative institutions in India Britain should understand Indian.

000023873

07.03.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

1

Sends copies of the proposed franchise bill and Gandhiji's letter to the British Committee. Informs that Government turned down. Requests regarding Nandiveni ? Proposes to petition to the home government.

000023902

07.03.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08273

WEDDERBURN, William (Sir)

1

Duplicate of S. N. 23899

000023899

07.03.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08272

SIR WILLIAM

1

Suggests that a question may be put it the House of commons regarding the proposed frachise Bill. Says that this Bill replaces the act of 1814 and is retrograde.

000000783

07.03.1896

12336

SPECTATOR

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

The Writer vehemently protest against the unjust and offensive remarks of the Police Superintendent and his conduct.

000000784

07.03.1896

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000000782

07.03.1896

00000

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3

It practically opens two doors instead of one for Indians. If India is not a country with elected representatives they can come as "exempted".

000000785

07.03.1896

12337

WATSON H.G.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Governor has not seen and has no record of conditions on which Melmoth Town's land were sold.

000000787

09.03.1896

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There is a great scare among the merchant princes on account of the Indian petition.

000000786

09.03.1896

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1

A conference of Premier of the Colonies declared Federation as essential for defence and decided to extend the Anti-Chinese acts to all coloured Races.

000000789

10.03.1896

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1

Mr. Ryley defended the new Bill and said some half a dozen merchants in Durban ought to be on the roll. Mr. Bloy opposed and advocated consultations with the neighbouring states.

000000792

10.03.1896

00000

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1

While he is forbidden to acquire even one erf in Zululand; in Natal he is to have the vote. That is because our government is weak-kneed.

000000793

10.03.1896

00000

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1

William Watson's Bill for purchase of the Government Gazette of 25th February containing regulations for Nondweni Township;

000000788

10.03.1896

00000

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Police Superintendents annual report which shows a great decrease in serious crimes and an increase in small ones.

000000790

10.03.1896

00000

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The writer describes with great disgust some 'filthy' practices of the "Coolie" vendors and asks what the market constable is doing.

000000791

10.03.1896

00000

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The Indian will have his vote although the Bill professes to strike him off the Roll.

000000794

11.03.1896

12279

ABDOOL KARIM HAJI ADAM & INDIAN

12338

COLONIAL SECRETARY [CHAMBERLAIN]

4

Petition against the Nondweni Township Regulation prohibiting possession of land by non-Europeans.

000000796

11.03.1896

12339

"ISHAMAEL"

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

A noble letter upholding the dignity of manual labour and so protesting against spectators' remark that Richard "humbly" acknowledged his fathers profession of a Dhobi.

000003620

11.03.1896

00187

INDIANS OF NATAL

00259

GOVERNOR OF NATAL

5

If a Crown Colony can forbid sale to Indians the Boer Republics would be justified. The Nondweni Regulations are against British Constitution.

000000795

11.03.1896

12323

ASKEW, O.J.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

My client is willing to sale it for pound 50 less i.e.. pound 1150, if the sale is effected by to-morrow.

000000802

13.03.1896

12340

G.W.W.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

4

Mr. Gandhi's "Appeal to Briton's gives away the Indian case in several important particulars. Then follows a long detailed reply.

000000801

13.03.1896

00000

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An Indian market is illegally held every morning, but this cannot be held as the present market is unsuitable. However the new market, when built should make this impossible.

000000798

13.03.1896

00000

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1

The case was tried in the supreme Court were every one of the trying judges roundly condemned the lies spoken by both the sides."It shows how many fell away and deteriorated when they came here *."(Note: The heading is misleading. The court was disgusted of falsehood of both sides.)

000000799

13.03.1896

00000

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2

He supports his party's Government. That is understandable but how does he say that the Bill can enfranchise only Gandhi and not other.?

000000797

13.03.1896

00000

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2

Now that the New Bill is published it is fair that the Natal Government publish the correspondence with the Home Government who refused to sanction the original measure on ground of racial equality.

000000800

13.03.1896

00000

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1

The falsehood and effrontery displayed by the parties might well disgust the supreme court Bench. The effect of degeneration of the Hindu upon natives is deplorable.

000000803

13.03.1896

12323

ASKEW, O.J.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

My client accepts your offer of pound 1080 Please draw Declaration for seller etc. and send them to me tomorrow.

000000804

13.03.1896

12243

PILLAY, A.S.DOROSAMY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

I can send you news paper cuttings etc. bearing on S. A. problems if you send me pound 5. as it entails a good deal of labour to procure them.

000000805

16.03.1896

00000

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3

Indian coolies do not get "starvation wages" etc. as he says. He admits that they are lier His plea for the Indian trader is "amusingly ingennous" etc. By his propaganda for franchise he wants to be a leader etc.

000000806

16.03.1896

00000

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1

A resolution drawing the attention of the Government of south Africa to the influx of Asiatics as in juriously affecting. European trade was lost.

000000807

18.03.1896

12342

CENTRAL INDIAN HOSPITAL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I wish to discuss the problem as you seem to devote much of your time to it Please give me an appointment.

000003622

19.03.1896

12585

NICHOLLS N.CATHCARD

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

If you could raise your offer to pound 1100; I shall induce NepalSingh the practical owner to close in. The property is remunerative.

000000809

20.03.1896

00000

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1

Harry -No, nothing of the sort-Hindu Franchise, All the public talking is no use, Hot arguments will not cook Gandhi's goose.

000000808

20.03.1896

12277

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

H.E.has received intimation from the colonial office that your letter of 17 January '96 enclosing your pamphlet has been duly received.

000000810

21.03.1896

00000

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1

Ceylon chief justice has prepared new oaths (given verbatim) for these three *(Note. There is some mistake. The oath for the parses is printed as for the Chinese.

000000812

21.03.1896

00000

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A graphic account by an England-returned 'Arab' merchant of the contrast in the treatment meted out to Indians in the two countries.

000000811

21.03.1896

00000

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1

"Further papers relating to the grievances of the Indians in Transvaal "are published. Letters are published verbatim.

000000813

21.03.1896

12344

WASTON A.G.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

They are not required to take out passes there: The authority to grant or refuse the Licence vests with magistrates The purchase of erven does not entitle the owner to a trading Licence.

000000814

24.03.1896

12329

DURBAN HIGH SCHOOL

12345

PHILIP WM.

2

The two High Schools are for European boys, but the question of special provision for advanced Indian boys may be considered.

000000815

25.03.1896

12343

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I have duly received your letter taking exception to the word' aboriginal' as applied to Indian Immigrants.

000000816

26.03.1896

12342

CENTRAL INDIAN HOSPITAL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thanks you very much for your kind reply Am anxious to see you Sometime beginning of the next month I shall be able to do so.

000000817

26.03.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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1

I do not think there will be any organised and recognised opposition in the coming session of parliament (Natal)

000000821

27.03.1896

00000

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1

'Ipse Dixit of Sir W Wragg, that she is not a Coloured' person, will not escape the notice of Mr. Gandhi. Chief Judge's remark absolves from pass a 'coloured' person also if he can account for himself.

000000823

27.03.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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1

"For our country's sake we may pray... That, finding souls they (legislators may find away to keep from franchise Indian.

000000824

27.03.1896

00000

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1

Sir W. Wragg remarked that it is as monstrous to call her a "Coolie", as to call an European a Frenchman. It should rather be a German.

000000825

27.03.1896

00000

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1

The percentage of Indian boys attending Government Schools is a small one. I hope Mr. Todd does not seriously advocate Indian Franchise.

000000826

27.03.1896

00000

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4

The Blue Book on Indian Grievances in Transvaal (re: Free State Chief Justice's award) is a study in slipshod diplomacy Transvaal has claimed a queer right to interpret its own Laws !

000000827

27.03.1896

00000

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6

Full proceedings of the case with the text of the judgements. Mrs. Vinden was given pound 20 as damages and costs.

000000822

27.03.1896

00000

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1

Chief Justice very properly rebuked the Police Department for the unnecessary violence of its native staff. If such instances recur one judge's suggestion of a white constable on night duty should be considered.

000000818

27.03.1896

00000

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1

The state of these places beggars description, the wonder is that the disease does not spread They are the property of "influential" men and so they are not demolished,-such is the town-talk.

000000819

27.03.1896

00000

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2

If the Indian wants to live among Europeans he must conform to these rules or go away.

000000820

27.03.1896

00000

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15

She was awarded damages for wrongful arrest under vagrant law as she had no pass. Text of judgement which practically repeals the Pass Law if the person can properly explain his position.

000000830

28.03.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

1

The judgement restricts the law only to 'Vagabonds and Vagrants', and not to coloured persons. as such.

000000828

28.03.1896

12343

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The attorney General states that the 'aboriginal' will be omitted from the Draft Bill to amend Liquor Laws for Indians.

000000829

28.03.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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1

Has Zululand been bought by at the price of the Indian Franchise Bill which in reality affirms the right of the Indian to vote ?

000000831

30.03.1896

12346

CROWN DAVIS INSURANCE OFFICE

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The property was insured by Nidha,the owner and also by the bond -holders so I was asked to cancel my policy which I did.

000000833

30.03.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

1

At an East Indian Association meeting Sir L. Griffin paid a tribute to the Congress and said it performed a good function.

00000978A

30.03.1896

12362

CULLINGWORH, T.L.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Printing Charges of a memorial Presented to the Col. Secretary.

000000832

31.03.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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1

The Supreme Court Judgement will involve additional vigil on the part of the police and a consequent burden on the taxpayer The Pass Law as interpreted formerly was more beneficial to the Indian. The present interpretation gives discretion to the Police, which may be missed.

000000835

31.03.1896

00000

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1

"If once we give our birth right to the Indian we shall give him the Colony"

000000834

31.03.1896

00000

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2

He thought clause 2 granted franchise to the very men whom they wanted to exclude. A report of a meeting at Dundee.

000000838

01.04.1896

12319

ADAMS, William

00111

TIMES OF NATAL

1

Hindus with morals, customs and laws that are repugnant to us cannot be enfranchised. They are worse than natives.

000000837

01.04.1896

12156

"INDIA"[STALL W.D.]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

I send a copy of 1892 act. The "Rules thereon" and "The Indian Municipalities Act" cannot be had here: you can get them from India.

000000836

01.04.1896

12343

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your letter of the 30th ultimo desiring to convey your thanks to the Attorney General for omitting aboriginal in Liquor Laws has been received.

000000840

03.04.1896

12347

TODD J.C.

00124

NATAL WITNESS

2

Since there are only two schools in the Colony, it is monstrous to compare the number attending them with the number of white children in schools. all over the colony.

000000842

03.04.1896

00000

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1

It was inspired by "religious friendship" If we must have Indians -"and the pest seems unavoidable." Our Agents should choose the best from the bad Lot that they are:

000000841

03.04.1896

00000

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1

The peace of Durban etc. will be endangered if coloured people are allowed to roam at night as a consequence of the case.

000000839

03.04.1896

00000

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2

The new bill opens door for corruption to enable the public to judge the Bill properly, the Government should be made to publish the whole correspondence with the Home Government.

000000909

04.04.1896

00000

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1

A Very eloquent and forceful plea for enfranchisement of freed Indians and Traders as opposed to 'coolies'

000000844

07.04.1896

00000

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1

The Bill was vague Again granting of franchise was not a question of colour but was of morals. European morals were far higher than Indian. If 20 Europeans certified the fitness of an Indian he may get a vote.

000000843

07.04.1896

00000

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1

The Bill rightly retains on the roll those Indians who are voters already

000000845

07.04.1896

00000

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1

It will be found far safer and more admirable, as regards the position of the colony itself than even the old art would have proved to be.

000000846

07.04.1896

12328

NATAL GOVERNMENT RAILWAYS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I am not aware of any recent difficulty in the issue of 1st and 2nd class tickets to Indians travelling to Pretoria or Johannesburg.

000000848

08.04.1896

00000

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1

The (Governor's) speech stimulates the suspicions of the public. The whole correspondence with the Home Government should be published.

000000847

08.04.1896

00000

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1

"A Coolie costs roughly pound 25 to 3 pound 30 a month, and he produces pound 40 if employed in growing either sugar or mealies."

000000849

09.04.1896

00000

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2

After three years of labour it has proved itself capable of formulating this "Spurious Bill" which excludes all Asiatics - except Indians.

000000850

09.04.1896

00000

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6

Mr. Adams the master of the ship allowed 2nd class passengers to travel 1st but that does not make him liable for damages as no less was incurred by the owner of the ship.

000000851

09.04.1896

12323

ASKEW, O.J.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Can Nidha take away the tank from the property. It is of Little importance to your client.

000000854

10.04.1896

12348

OXFORD H.E.R. & CAMBRIDGE CLUB

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

I think that as a transitional measure 'indirect election is better than providing property or educational qualification for Indian.

000000852

10.04.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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1

"The Times"-"When it remembers the services of Indian soldiers in Africa", Great Britain cannot permit their deprivation of status as British subjects.

000000853

10.04.1896

00000

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1

The Premier replied that Indians "did not possess represent ative institutions founded on franchise"

000000855

10.04.1896

00000

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2

A correspondent from France shows exactly the same defects as we have often shown (The objections are given in detail)

000000861

11.04.1896

00000

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1

Mr. Chamberlain promised to give careful attention to the petition of Natal Indians regarding prohibition to buy land.

000000858

11.04.1896

00000

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1

Sergt. Tomlin stated that the occupants paid 10 shs. per month rent and owners paid only ground rent to the Harbour Department.

000000859

11.04.1896

00000

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1

The Premier's statement that India does not possess "representative institutions founded on franchise" is vague.

000000856

11.04.1896

00000

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1

The substitution of 'parliamentary 'for 'elective representative' institutions is curious. The Ministry must make a clean breast of it.

000000862

11.04.1896

00318

PITCHER W. E.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

"I have got your letter with cheque and deeds and the matter has attention."

000000860

13.04.1896

00000

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2

Mr. Yonge a Government supporter thinks he voices public opinion where as really he does not. It is also evident from his speech that Zululand is to be secured at the price of Indian Franchise.

000000864

13.04.1896

00000

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2

Natal's right to Legislate in matter of franchise is unaffected by Queens Proclamation of 1858. Indirect election is a subterfuge. The New Bill must be rejected as it is likely to create endless Litigation and agitation.

000000863

13.04.1896

00000

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1

The Attorney General agreed with the Board re the desirability of making the punishment more deterrent but a practical solution was difficult he thought.

000000857

13.04.1896

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1

The Conference opined that admission of the Indians to the Franchise at the will of the Governor was highly objectionable.

000000869

15.04.1896

12349

HATCH EMUT

00190

CARIM, Dada Abdool

1

I thank you for sending me a copy which I have pursued with much interest.

000000870

15.04.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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1

There are sufficient grounds to entitle the Defendant to a removal of the record of the Supreme Court etc.(Laughton's view)

000000872

15.04.1896

00000

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1

The Inspector report that all schools but two reopened after the summer vacation. One of the two to be closed for want of accommodation and a good teacher.

000000867

15.04.1896

00000

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1

"The Europeans so far as the franchise was concerned must be not only paramount but almost exclusive."

000000868

15.04.1896

00000

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1

Pure franchise "representing the best thinking power the Colony" was a sine qua non people should wait for the debate on the Bill.

000000866

15.04.1896

00000

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1

The critics of the Government were practically unanimous in their view that Franchise must not be granted to the Asiatics.

000000865

15.04.1896

00000

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1

Government of the Colony other than on a pure franchise and apart from the Indians was absolutely impossible.

000000871

15.04.1896

00318

PITCHER W. E.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Registrar of Deeds Kicks at your claim for exemption on this transfer as there is no specific mention about that in the Deeds and as one of the objects of the institution is political.

000000874

16.04.1896

00014

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

13705

COLONIAL UNDER-SECRETARY

1

Indians Look to you for protection, the proclamation and all pledges entitled them to all the rights of Br-citizenship.

000000873

16.04.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

1

When the House considered it calmly it would an unanimously vote for the Bill.

000000878

17.04.1896

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00124

NATAL WITNESS

2

Gandhiji advocates educational qualification Then, after giving a resume of Indian representative bodies he asks why should the new Act leave to courts to decide whether India has elective representative institutions or not There is so much known material that the colony itself can decide it.

000000875

17.04.1896

00000

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1

It resolved that to admit Indians to franchise at the will of the Governor was highly objectionable.

000000876

17.04.1896

00000

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1

"A crisis will reach when the Hindu does vote; and Harry and John will find exquisite bliss, in going around coolie babies to kiss."

000000877

17.04.1896

00000

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2

I hope the police will now learn that "the fact of being a coloured person is not in itself a sufficient cause for arrest

000000879

17.04.1896

00000

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1

Mr. Bale of past would have waited to know the full facts but the present bale rushes forward blindly to till at the Bill which is a good measure:

000000880

20.04.1896

00000

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"BLANK"

1

He thought the old Bill was better. He promised to do his utmost to prevent granting of franchise to those who had not had it in their own Land.

000000883

22.04.1896

12350

BRITISHER

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

2

The enclosed Letter shows that greater interest in colonial matter is taken at home than among the colonists themselves.

000000882

22.04.1896

00000

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3

The ready acceptance of the new Bill by J. Chamberlain who opposed disfranchisement as provided in the old Bill shows that the colony is to be 'Sold' on this issue.

000000886

22.04.1896

00000

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1

A public meeting considered them detrimental and undesirable. Mr. Dowley an official said that coolies were "beastly unsanitary" etc.

000000881

22.04.1896

00000

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3

Important passages are published here: J Chamberlain says India does not possess representative institutions and the new Bill will be accepted by him.

000000885

22.04.1896

12353

HINDSON, WM.R.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thank you for your effort to procure us an Indian teacher. what however do you mean by a "Volunteer"? A Capable earnest and truthful man will be welcomed

000000887

23.04.1896

00000

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1

The Premier said that there were a number of papers which he wished the members to see and so he postponed the 2nd reading.

000000889

23.04.1896

00000

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2

A long and able Leader urging acceptance of the Bill as it stands as a solution of the Indian Problem. Non acceptance will mean enfranchising all Indians and thereby alienating sympathy of other S. A. states.

000000888

23.04.1896

00000

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1

Moving the 2nd reading the Premier said it would afford great relief to a "Large and industrious section" of people. The motion was passed.

000000891

24.04.1896

00000

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1

Lower Tugela Division Association Supported the new Bill, and recommended more deterrent punishment for desertion. by Indian Servants

000000892

24.04.1896

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1

The Treasurer declared that pound 200/ were given to Mr. Ruffe to secure his return to India. Winter:- Is it possible to send Mr. Gandhi home at the same price?

000000893

24.04.1896

00000

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"BLANK"

3

The Correspondence placed before the House is incomplete. The present Bill though based partly on the correspondence with Chamberlain. "will have an open sore which will prove a ceaseless source of agitation."

000000890

24.04.1896

00000

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2

Report of the proceedings of the case. Mr. Adams was the master of Dada Abdoola's ship. (The Courland)

000003623

25.04.1896

12586

FAIRFIELD E.D.

11753

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

1

Letter to the Colonial Secretary Mr. Chamberlain is acknowledged.

000000894

25.04.1896

12354

WHITE LEAGUE, The

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

As far as the secrecy of the society permits, I shall supply the address on receiving a letter at the enclosed Address." The white League' is for protecting the interests of all Europeans.

000000895

25.04.1896

00000

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1

The writer protests against the use of Rickshaws with such boards by coloured people.

000000980

27.04.1896

12279

ABDOOL KARIM HAJI ADAM & INDIAN

12363

NATAL LEGI

5

Full text of the Petition to the Speaker and Members of the Natal Legislative Assembly.

000000896

27.04.1896

00000

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1

The publication silences all untruthful and anti-Government propagand ist statements. It is now clear that the negotiations were friendly and the new Bill is approved at Home.

000000897

27.04.1896

12355

LEACHARS M

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I shall not be there this week. If the next week suits you I can undertake to present the petition.

000000899

28.04.1896

00000

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1

The Principal Under Secretary asks for particulars as far as it affected the coloured persons. The matter was referred to the whole council.

000000898

28.04.1896

12333

ZULULAND, Acting Secretary for

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

The Indian Petition regarding the sale of erven in Nondweni has been duly forwarded to the secretary of state for the colonies.

000000900

29.04.1896

00000

"BLANK"

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1

The Premier postponed the 2nd reading in view of the receipt of the Indian Petition.

000000905

29.04.1896

00000

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1

The bill of expense to complete the execution of the transfer of property to the Congress. pound 29.7.3.

000000904

29.04.1896

00000

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1

Herewith I send you the deed which I managed to get completed to-day. To-morrow I will send the account sheet.

000000903

29.04.1896

00318

PITCHER W. E.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

"The wrong of the mild Hindu in Natal have touched the all-except England embracing heart of the Editor"(of the "Truth").

000000901

29.04.1896

00000

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1

A Preliminary meeting to form New Castle Political Association unanimously decided to oppose. the new Franchise Bill.

000000902

29.04.1896

00000

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1

The Premier presented 3 additional despatches that were not published owing to a clerical error, (Text of despatches) and said that the rest of the correspondence being confidential cannot be published.

000023921

30.04.1896

08281

WINGFIELD, Edward

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

1

It is true that the indentured labourers there did not get full work and therefore full earning. But this has now been redressed and nobody is starving because of lesser earnings.

000000908

30.04.1896

12354

WHITE LEAGUE, The

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

I too am interested in the subject as I have to appoint a lady teacher for an Indian School. Can I see YOU ?

000000907

30.04.1896

12340

G.W.W.

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

As the new Bill is of doubtful use. I hereby submit the draft of a Bill, which will overcome all obstacles and solve the problem.

000000906

30.04.1896

00000

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1

Mr. Wallace raised a point of order on the ground that it seems to be a lecture to the Assembly and not a petition. The Speaker :- " I can say that it is out of Order"

000000912

01.05.1896

00000

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1

The further correspondence which is released does not throw any more Light Again the Bill is full of danger to the colony and a distinct blow at parliamentary institutions and the principle of elective bodies.

000000910

01.05.1896

00000

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1

A fresh disability has been imposed upon the Indian by restricting the sale of Lands to Europeans only it is to be hoped Lord Chamberlain will veto " these monstrous regulations"

000000911

01.05.1896

00000

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1

Caste ridden Indian never had and never can have representative institutions. The whites must be firm on this issue.

000000913

02.05.1896

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2

The Dundee Political Association suggested some amendments.

000000915

02.05.1896

00000

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2

A correspondent shows how absurd the legal definition of 'E.B.Subject' is in Indian Penal Code. 1882.

000000914

02.05.1896

00000

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2

Verbatim report of the resolution and remarks there on. "They must nolens volens tolerate the Chinese and coolies there:

000000917

04.05.1896

00000

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1

The purport of the present petition is given It aims at proving that India possesses 'elective representative institutions' etc.

000000916

04.05.1896

00000

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2

Among the papers published, the Indian Petition of July 1894, comprises nearly 1/5 of the correspondence Some points from it are given here:

000000918

05.05.1896

12357

'R'

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

Do they not have to take out a Licence ? It is part of a constable's duty to ascertain if they have Licences ?

000000920

06.05.1896

00000

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1

Mr. Chamberlain stated in the House of Commons that Nondweni and Eshowe have debarred Indians from purchasing property and that he would consider the Indian petition regarding it.

000000919

06.05.1896

00000

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1

'We understand that a secret Caucus meeting was convened by the Government in Order to win support and that some did not attend it '

000001020

07.05.1896

00000

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3

A signed agreement by Indian merchants contribute to the Natal Indian Congress funds at the rate of 1/4 d. per package imported.

000000921

07.05.1896

00000

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2

In submitting the report of the select Committee, the Attorney General said the Committee's majority do not wish to extend to Indians the rules applicable to natives and thus prohibit Liquor to Indians.

000000924

07.05.1896

00000

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4

'Natal mercury's report. The Premier Characterised the Indian Petition as the emanation of one Man or of powerful secret organisation. (Natal Indian Congress.)

000000925

07.05.1896

00000

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1

Receipt of pound 9-6-8 for a telegraphic message to Chamberlain.

000000922

07.05.1896

00000

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8

Speeches of the Premier, the Attorney General,Messrs Binns, Bale etc. on the 2nd Reading of the Bill. Full report The 2nd reading was passed.

000000923

07.05.1896

00000

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6

'Times of Natal's report of the proceeding during the 2nd reading of the Bill which was passed without a division.

000000932

08.05.1896

00000

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2

Rumoured purport of the proceedings of a 'Caucus Meeting" called by Government to rally support for the Bill.

000000930

08.05.1896

00000

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2

The compromise arrived at effectually precludes the possibility of swamping by Indians and dispose off the objectionable feature of the old Bill.

000000927

08.05.1896

00000

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3

The Notes of Natal Advertiser's correspondent on the proceeding regarding 2nd reading of the Bill. Government and its supporters are ridiculed criticising the Bill as ambiguous and one capable of being misused the paper says that it is sure to raise a crop of Legal difficulties and litigation. we hope the Committee will clear all doubtful points.

000000929

08.05.1896

00000

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3

Report of the proceedings of the House regarding the 2nd reading which was passed.

000000926

08.05.1896

00000

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3

A pungent criticism of the Natal Assembly. which adopted the second reading of the Bill The unexpected happened. The miracle was achieved by the caucus sessions But every line in the Bill is an ambuscade of disputes which will perpetuate for years, the struggle between Indians and Europeans ?The article feels that the ministers were wrong in artain of their presumptions.

000000931

08.05.1896

00000

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1

Mr. Wallace asked if it was in order as it was more of Lecture than of petition. (The date written an the extract seems to be wrong Probably it is 6-5-96.)

000000928

08.05.1896

00000

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4

 

000000934

09.05.1896

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Mr. Escombe, as a tactician may be deservedly proud .The opposition now may well ask "Where are we?"!

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09.05.1896

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Every one thinks the Colony has nothing to loose but if the Government's meaning of elective representative institution is wrong the colony will find itself sold'

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09.05.1896

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"Sammy we have with us and more Sammy we are about to have"

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09.05.1896

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Report of the proceedings of the Liquor Bill in the Assembly. Moreover Mr. Bale made it clear that he did not impute any unworthy motives to the Secretary of states for colonies when he debated the Franchise Bill.

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10.05.1896

11753

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

12338

COLONIAL SECRETARY [CHAMBERLAIN]

1

I enclose a telegram from the British Indian subjects in south Africa. I hope you will give it your kind consideration.

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11.05.1896

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The Premier affirmed that the new bill will effectively bar from exercising franchise those who where undesirables.

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11.05.1896

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It proves clearly that Labourers "make money, thrive physically, are kindly treated.... And so they can do without franchise."

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11.05.1896

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"Natal Mercury's description of the at- mosphere of the House ,the attitude of parties journalists and the public during the debate.

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12.05.1896

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"Two Indians infantry regiments, one cavalry regiment etc." under colonel Egertor have been ordered to Suakim Reuter.

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12.05.1896

12358

MINISTER OF LAND & WORKS

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Government intend to put this land in to the market as soon as the Railway has opened up, this district.

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13.05.1896

12359

NICL J.O.

13111

NATAL ADVERTISER

1

Condemning the attitude of the Natal Government, the Correspondent says" It simply means giving our birth right away, without even a mess of pottage in return " etc.

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13.05.1896

12128

HUNTER, William Wilson (Sir)

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GANDHI, M. K.

3

The British public disapprove of the Indian National Congress taking up this problem. However you carry on and emphasise the fact that Indians are being deprived of their status as British Subjects guaranteed to them by the Queen.

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13.05.1896

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The Town Council (Durban ?) decided to indent 20 Indians, as natives were averse to this work and freed Indians were too costly.

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13.05.1896

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9 Indians charged with being without passes said they were ill-treated and the Protector did nothing for them, and they did not want to go back. They were convicted to 7 days imprisonment.

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13.05.1896

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13.05.1896

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The Power to the Governor to grant franchise to some Indians is dangerous, as the leader (meaning Gandhiji) is "a man of considerable talent of great ambition and the Congress is endowed with means to fight."

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13.05.1896

00121

HUNTER, William Wilson (Sir)

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GANDHI, M. K.

2

Your cause will succeed though slowly. Unfortunately it suffers hereby close alliance with the Natal Indian Congress, though I sympathise largely with Mr. Chamberlain.

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14.05.1896

12194

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS MEMBERS

12365

PRIME MINISTER (South Africa)

1

The letter protests against the Premier's characterization of the Congress as a 'practically a Secret body'

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14.05.1896

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All the amendments were defeated. Full report of the proceedings. Mr. Maydon refers to Gandhiji at great length.

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14.05.1896

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Natal Mercury's report of the proceedings.

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14.05.1896

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Mr. Maydon's amendment for a verbal, change was unnecessary. A grave Legislative difficulty will have gone with the passage of the Bill.

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14.05.1896

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The Premier said that the Bill was modified with Home Government's consent and so it would read "elective representative institutions founded on the Parliamentary franchise"

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15.05.1896

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3

The clause in the Bill empowering the six persons (ministry) to choose Indians fit for Franchise, is very improper.

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15.05.1896

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2

The 2nd reading was agreed to and the Bill was set down for commitment on Wednesday.

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15.05.1896

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A severe adverse criticism of the Bill-and of honesty of the ministry . " The ministry have been attaching too little importance to him (Gandhiji) and left Loopholes of which he will avail himself."

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15.05.1896

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The Large number of suicide among them raises a suspicion that almost slave-driving exists in some estates. It is suggested to appoint a Secretary of Indian affairs and a court of inquiry in cases of suicides.

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15.05.1896

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2

It is a great improvements on the original Bill Prohibition should be extended to all Asiatics and not to Indians only.

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16.05.1896

13705

COLONIAL UNDER-SECRETARY

11753

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

1

Mr. Chamberlain will duly consider the Indian Memorial when it reaches him.

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16.05.1896

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3

In the 'Courland' case judgement were given in favour of Adams for pound 258 and of Dada Abdoola of for pound 21. Full text of the judgement.

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16.05.1896

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Natal Mercury's report of the debate on the second reading of the Bill which was agreed to.

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16.05.1896

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Minister said that separation of Europeans from natives was effected wherever possible Natives Objected to travelling with Coolies but he could do nothing for them.

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16.05.1896

12343

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

"If the Premier has been misinformed on this point he will be glad to be corrected on the subject."

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16.05.1896

12343

PRINCIPAL UNDER SECRETARY

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Premier called the Natal Indian Congress a 'secret body' under the belief that its meetings are not open to the public. He will be glad to be corrected.

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16.05.1896