Serial no.

Date

From no.

From Person

To no.

To Person

Pages

Summary

000006424

01.01.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

2

Muslims and Hindus bitterly resent their continued incarceration. The envisage permanent retention of the British Connexion. They are loyal etc.

000032416

08.01.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

00898

GANDHI, Maganlal K.

1

Mahadev Desai writes to Maganlal to say that Gandhiji has started taking goat's milk. Gandhiji had asked him to write in particular to Maganlal who would be only too glad on hearing the news, Gandhiji doing better. Reference to quality of goats' milk in Europe.

000011909

10.01.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

02762

SATYADEV (Swami)

2

I am trying to persuade Devdas to go to Madras for the work. But whether he goes or not, your duty is clearly to stick to your Madras work.

000014831

14.01.1919

06780

DEVCHANDBHAI

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Please consider Wednesday's letter. Oblige by attending Morbi Parishad commencing 13th March.

000011913

22.01.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

4

Piles operated yesterday. Have been pleased with your criticism about my resuming milk diet. It is a friends duty to guide and correct an erring friend to give milk of cows and buffalos and why he now look goat's milk.

000006432

01.02.1919

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

3

A forerunner of his auto-biography Here he relates his smoking his theft of gold, his bold assertion to his caste-men before his departure for England etc.

000032738

02.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00853

BANKER, Shankerlal G.

1

You have asked about my opinion about Rowlatt Act. I have been reading minutely the Rowlatt Committee Report. On reading it, it appears that it was not necessary for the Government to pass such an Act. Now, it is our duty to convey our reaction to the Government Gandhiji talks of the contradiction between the Montague-Chelmsford Reform and the Rowlatt Act.

000011912

05.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

3

Justifying his position with regards fulfilment of vows and pledges is specially about milk diet urges to ponder over his letter cant try to enlighten him where found erring.

000006425

06.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00778

GANDHI, Devdas

2

The two (Morning and evening) prayers must be felt and made as necessary as the meals. In my scheme there is ultimate freedom for all, as I only advise never order.

000006438

06.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00411

SHRADDHANAND (Swami)

2

You can do it quite freely. I undertake to provide Rs. 10000/- (ten thousand) Surendra is infatuated regarding learning in English Schools.

000006426

07.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13319

NAYAK BHINBHAI R.

2

After due notice of one month you, may resign and offer satyagraha. But please consult me -as many of you as can- before doing anything

000006439

08.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13327

MALAVIYA, Madan Mohan (Pandit)

2

Members of Legislative Assembly (M.L. A.s) should resign from the councils We must convince the Government of our strength We should advise non-payment of taxes.

000019808

08.02.1919

05278

URMILA DEVI

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

4

Urmila Devi staying as Mahadev Desai's mother gives vent to her affection and longing to have his latter, describing her own afflication at witnessing almost daily the police high handedness on swaraj volunteers. Advises Mahadev to learn Bengali with the help of his Bengali Companions.

000006427

09.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08322

PRAGJIBHAI

1

The Rowlatt Bills have affected me deeply I will shortly decide my course Honesty in Business is a form of Satyagraha.

000006433

09.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

06371

SHASTRI

2

I can no longer render peaceful obedience to a power that is capable of such devilish legislation I invite all to join me.

00007423A

19.02.1919

00000

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1038

 

00007423B

19.02.1919

09331

MUSLIM OF LUDHIAND

00000

"BLANK"

2

The Christian Missionaries are [encroaching] upon our cremation grounds. Please help us .

000007423

19.02.1919

00000

"BLANK"

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406

 

000006428

20.02.1919

00390

POLAK, H. S. L.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

1

I agree with you but I prefer his lack of logic and life to his death and logic The original vow was illogical and I am glad of the result

000023863

24.02.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01342

NATESAN

1

Requests to find a quiet lodging place for Gandhiji who will be visiting Madras. Invites attention to the Satyagraha manifests.

000011835

24.02.1919

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

4

Satyagraha leaflet No.2 in which Gandhiji replies to certain objections to the satyagraha methods. Also text of Satyagraha pledge.

000006440

24.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00000

"BLANK"

8

I have passed sleepless nights over it. but I cannot find justification for the Bills. Assurances to civilians and British Commerce also indicate the direction of the wind Lownde's speech intolerable (M = Mahadev Desaibhai)

000006434

24.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

05548

VICEROY

3

Reform valueless without withdrawal of the Bills which are symptoms of a deep-seated disease of hot-headed autocracy

000019814

25.02.1919

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

4

Cuttings from 'Times of India' Containing Gandhiji's letters to the editor in connection with the Rowlett Bills together with a form of Satyagraha pledge, and Gandhiji's message read in Bombay by Mahadev Desai.

000006430

26.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

02690

EDITORS

3

Even those highly proficient in Gujarati alone will do But they must make education their principle work; and earning subsidiary Must have strong physique to be able to learn agriculture and weaving etc. (For draft see 11754)

000011688

26.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

02663

THE EDITORS

7

Draft of a letter enclosing the satyagraha pledge against Rowlett Bills supplied to editors for favour of publication.

000011754

26.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

02690

EDITORS

2

Draft of 6430.

000006435

26.02.1919

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your second shot SN 6434 His Excellency is sorry to hear of your step. Please come here so that you can appreciate all sides of the question

000011689

27.02.1919

13311

KRIPALANI, J. B.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

6

An able exposition of waverings of moderates. Malaviya is like a pendulum. Never firm. He thinks his staying in the council well help him to obtain funds for the (Benares) university. These moderates are treated by Government with scant courtesy but they swallow it etc. etc.

000006437

27.02.1919

13123

TIMES OF INDIA

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

A very forceful plea for retention of the Bills couched in a very cordial -loving tone; I hate such legislation but I see no way out. I cannot advocate taking grave risks

000006429

27.02.1919

13228

NATARAJAN (India Committee)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

The Bills are an outrage; every constitutional means-satyagraha last- must be employed. The position in South Africa is serious. I think the Patel Bill should be passed as it only permits inter-caste marriages.

000011690

28.02.1919

13311

KRIPALANI, J. B.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

4

Panditji's (Malaviya's) visit to the Viceroy has been fruitless. Though instinctively seeing the right thing he refuses to act in the write way because of his wavering nature: The struggle is bound to be hard etc.

000006436

28.02.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

1

Have been irresistibly driven to adopt satyagraha 50 person signed pledge. Wired Viceroy give prayerful consideration. Sending papers Wire opinion Gurudev (Rabindranath Tagore)'s blessings if possible.

000006441

01.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

13328

HUSEIN, SYED

1

Pledge should be signed present from You many form a committee to guard against hasty individed action You should decide the laws to be broken.

000006442

01.03.1919

13285

BESANT, Annie (Mrs.)

13330

TELANG P. K.

1

Approve all signing Inform Jamnadas Will myself sign omitting words on committee If I may form group to elect committee here do not object to words ( Unsd= unsigned)

000006443

01.03.1919

13330

TELANG P. K.

13285

BESANT, Annie (Mrs.)

1

We signed pledge. Gandhiji says You can form your own committee and sign there, Change in pledge impossible,

000011691

01.03.1919

13311

KRIPALANI, J. B.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

2

Malaviyaji refuses to sign the majority report and submitted a separate minute, moderates' minute also is equally strong perhaps stronger.

000011906

01.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Times leader attes pays hand compliments to Gandhiji's greatness, Enthusiasm here seems splendid. Gamnadas also in if our "Thorean" - booklet seems to have fascinated many.

000006454

01.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00778

GANDHI, Devdas

1

You may be yearning to offer Satyagraha but your duty is to stick to your Hindi-teaching The meeting (Gandhiji's meeting with Viceroy) had no result Englishman easily understand brute force but they submit unconsciously to soul-force.

000006453

01.03.1919

13336

WACHHA, Dinshaw Edulji

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

6

This old man of 75 with such experience earnestly dissuades you from it. It will fail in India. So I cannot bless you ( A very Moving Appeal)

000011907

02.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Besant Joins probably because she knew there was no other go. We shall love for Delhi probably tomorrow.

000006444

04.03.1919

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your wire His Excellency will see you on Wednesday I hope you are better and not have suffered from the strain of the journey.

000011908

05.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Details of Delhi Visit and counsels with Vallabhbhai Patel, Pandit Malaviyaji and others. Want of mettle in them criticised. shraddhanandji's joining us is a news.

000011910

07.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

3

Description of Rampur visit and interview and agree ment with Ali Brothers as well as Viceroy in connection with Satyagraha fight. To name you secretary is shameful since your work surpasses that of the secretary.

000006445

07.03.1919

13331

WINCENT W. (Sir)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

I am too pressed with the work for an interview But see Sir J.D. Bailey who will explain the position about the Ali-brothers.

000006446

08.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13324

SHASTRIJI

1

Please tell them that I wanted to explain personally and fully my position but I could not. My regard for them remains the same.

000006447

08.03.1919

06371

SHASTRI

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

I will respect your feeling and not publish it. We have utmost personal regard for you but our ways part-though I revere you,

000009167

08.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Bapu is pleased with 'Ashram Patrika'. Bapu will not enlist Musalmans unless thousands of them are ready. In Bombay Mrs. Besant has played havoc in Bapu's absence. So he intends to go there soon. Notes on Rowlatt Bills were prepared by three of us - Bapu, Anandanand and myself. The Marathi Press was not prepared to print. Kaka Saheb's Marathi matter.

000019813

08.03.1919

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

5

Cuttings from Abhyudaya containing Gandhi's letter drawing public attention to the evils of Rowlett Bills and getting prepared for satyagraha fight. Pledge for Satyagraha preceding. (Report of Allahabad meeting etc).

000006448

09.03.1919

00000

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1

His view of Varnashram is poles apart from the orthodox But Patel should better drop the bill than accept Gandhiji's suggestion of inter-sub-caste-marriages (i.s. R.= Indian Social Reformer)

000006451

11.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00461

SASTRI, V. S. Srinivasa

1

Public Opinion very strong against them. Though we differ as to the methods I hope you will voice public opinion and oppose them.

000006449

11.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

3

Lane, Private secretary to Smuts became an Angle of peace and by his courtesy brought to a speedy end the struggle. Will you do the same?

000006457

11.03.1919

00000

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1

We want to win over opponents by love and disarm opposition. We cannot be impatient with them or those who stand aside etc.

000006450

12.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13333

DUBOULEY, James (Sir)

1

It increases the intensity of the fire hidden under the ashes called repression Wish I could convince you.

000006452

12.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

2

Whether justified or not , public feeling unmistakably strong against them. Do not intensify bitterness Government should delay the Bills for some time at least

000006456

13.03.1919

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

How can you admire "the angle of peace' when you are becoming the 'stormy Petrel'? Even we, 'the bureaucrats' will be sorry to see you come down from your heights You can easily misguide people. (Worth reading letter)

000006455

13.03.1919

00390

POLAK, H. S. L.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

You are entirely justified The Bills are "monstrous" I am not sleeping over South Africa affairs. I hope you will no longer experiment at the cost of your ability to serve your country.

000023862

14.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01342

NATESAN

1

Informs that such as Gandhiji would like to stay at his he will put up at another place to avoid putting him (the correspondent) in an awkward positions.

000011911

14.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

3

Being hard pressed with work find no leisure to write. So you shall have to rest satisfied with short details. Second class travel has proved to be a boon to both Bapu and myself though every time Bapu counts difference between fares. My previous opinion about Ali Brothers was not quite correct. Experience of Nehru and Malaviya families described.

000006458

14.03.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

(1) To get the Bills withdrawn, (2) To ensure respect for our M.L. A. s (Member of Legislative Assembly) whose views have been flouted Return love for anger.

000011905

15.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

5

Description of the meeting Bapu wants to teach me lecturing. I am having little confidence Preparations for the coming fight are going on. Breaking of Salt tax is also being considered.

000019821

15.03.1919

00000

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"BLANK"

1

Report of a public meeting in Bombay to protest against Rowlett Bills where in Gandhi's address was read by Mahadevbhai.

000009168

16.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Kaka's 'Brave Army' was rearranged by Bapu. Better if you can send quotations from my letters to Durga. Make a point to send me all cuttings on Satyagraha every week.

000006459

16.03.1919

00000

"BLANK"

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"BLANK"

1

The Bills are bad but passive resistance is not the remedy Passive resistance cannot be applied as the aim of the Bill (repression of crime) is good (No alternative suggested)

000006460

18.03.1919

00000

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1

Two, soul-stirring speeches " There are times when all you hold dear as life has to be given to obey the voice of conscience"- Gandhiji " Histories have been made by mad men" Naidu

000006461

18.03.1919

00000

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4

Banned but clean literature like Hind Swaraj should be sold Only Individual Civil Disobedience at present. Unauthorised news sheets also

00006309A

19.03.1919

00000

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6

Gandhiji advised them to be truthful and literate Even adults should learn 3 'Rs.' I love Tamilians

000006431

19.03.1919

00000

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4

You awe duties not only to your family or to your Union but to your country. Enlarge your vision Try to know what India means.

000006462

19.03.1919

00000

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2

 

000006463

20.03.1919

00000

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1

(1) It will not lead to violence but will wean the violence party from violence (2) Yielding to public opinion enhances Government prestige.

000011904

22.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

6

Describing at Length Madras experience states. The more I live with Bapuji the more dejected I feel about my fitness. Every moment of Bapuji is fully utilized. Realise my inability and unfitness to serve Bapu as secretary.

000006464

23.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13285

BESANT, Annie (Mrs.)

3

Letters and reply Mrs. Besant agrees not to publish such reports as Gandhiji intends them to be confidential Mrs. Besant had taken the letter as ordinary news from one of Gandhiji's people

000006465

23.03.1919

07257

SUBRAMANIA K. S. AIYAR

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

I do not want to further displease Mrs. Besant; who thinks satyagraha a party-programme I took the pledge as a matter of painful duty.

000009159

23.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Everybody promises allegiance to Gandhiji. We leave for Tanjore and other places. Bapu thinks of a National Fast for all including non-passive-resisters. The day will be fixed after the bill becomes law.

000006467

23.03.1919

00000

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1

Complete programme should not be put just yet. Let us watch the progress I have other laws such as Salt Act, Revenue Act for disobedience in my future programme (Gandhiji's reply to queries evidently -"Salt-breach" an old idea it seems)

000006466

23.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

07257

SUBRAMANIA K. S. AIYAR

1

Extremely grateful for your cordial note Will you tell Mrs. Annie Besant, that this is not a party movement? It will purify us all

000011903

24.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

3

In Madras Gandhiji silenced opposition by convincing arguments. Now in Tanjore: A beautiful country.

000009171

24.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Fast is the foundation stone for the sacred struggle. This message must reach every body through meetings and writings. Mill hands also should cease working but no force should be used. The press also should propagate.

000006468

24.03.1919

00000

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5

Report of the proceedings of a suit against Gandhi Manilal (Son of Gandhiji) for refusing to vacate his seat and go to the rear to make room for an European who was standing

000006471

24.03.1919

00000

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7

After exhorting the audience to follow the satyagraha Prahlad,Gandhiji explains at length the manifesto (6469)

000006470

24.03.1919

00000

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1

Even Government servants to fast.

000006469

24.03.1919

00000

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3

(1) People should fast for 24 hours.(2) A Hartal be observed, (3) Meetings should be held to protest satyagraha is a pure movement

000006472

24.03.1919

00000

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1

A covering letter requesting the addressee to get signatures from brave and peaceful Indians on the form attached (Issued from satyagraha camp)

000019812

24.03.1919

06979

Menon, Esther

06980

MAHADEVBHAI

2

Aspiring to give her birth right to India through her love and good feelings for India and her children, referring to Lord Christ's message of love says, that Bapu became for her the manifestation of the love of God, and so he came into her life as the living ideal for which she had been seeking for years.

000009170

25.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

4

I have now to take complete notes of Gandhiji's lectures as what he speaks is translated sentence by sentence in Tamil. I feel the want of an assistant We often receive curious and valuable articles which I have to preserve - a duty I cannot discharge successfully. People here seem ready to follow without understanding. The struggle is to commence on the 7th.

000006473

25.03.1919

00000

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00000

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1

Mrs. Naidu Sarojini will speak on "Rowlatt Bill and Satyagraha in Hindi on 27-3-1919 (Issued from Satyagraha camp at Nadiad)

000006474

25.03.1919

00000

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7

Regretting inability to speak in Hindi or Tamil, Gandhi cited the instance of Valiamma of South Africa-fame the heroine and martyr. (Report taken down at the meeting by Mahadev Desaibhai) (Gandhiji's speech)

000006478

26.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13340

GHATE

2

I shall advise them to offer satyagraha ,and join them (A confidential report of Gandhiji's talk with Sir D. Boulay

000006476

26.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13339

SATYAGRAHA COMMITTEE

1

Hope committee approves (6469) We begin breach laws on 31st. Doing much work here My programme is ....

000006479

26.03.1919

00000

"BLANK"

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1

Support to Gandhiji's suggestions regarding fasting and prayer. Asceticism tones up the moral being in men we will observe the day though we will not offer satyagraha

000006475

26.03.1919

00000

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5

In all his speeches he enjoins upon the observance of non-violence and dwells on the superiority of soul force (Also a printed report)

000006477

26.03.1919

00000

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2

(Printed report of Gandhiji's speech at Tanjore see 6471)

000011831

27.03.1919

00000

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1

Duplicate of 6470.

000006480

28.03.1919

00000

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10

The temples indicate that we are deeply religious people; hence my religious appeal Follow, the South Africa Satyagrahis

000009169

29.03.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

The struggle will commence on the 7th. Many do not distinguish between boycott and Swadeshi. This may lead to disruption, but it does not matter. I have no doubt about your reporting ability and maintain the same view even to-day.

000006481

29.03.1919

00000

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6

After exhorting labour to be organised peacefully, Gandhiji nearly repeats the sentiments expressed in his previous speeches

000006482

29.03.1919

00000

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1

The day of observance has been charged from 30th March to 6th April - To-morrow's programme is postponed (i.e. of 30th March)

000006483

30.03.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13341

RANGASWAMI AIYANGER A.

4

(1) It prevents, not invites, Bolshevism which is materialistic.(2) Satyagraha can disobey amoral (i.e. non-moral) laws (3) He does not disobey but invites punishment and thus obeys.

00006484A

30.03.1919

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

Both Gurudev (Rabindranath Tagore) and I were sure that civil Disobedience alone could affect the Rowlatt Bills (and) that you would launch it. Mrs. Besant may have been slandered but this explosion of recrimination is inexcusable.

00006484B

30.03.1919

00000

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56

Correspondence between Gandhiji, Barnes (Government of India Commerce Dept. ) Polak Petit Jahanagir,Editor- "TimesofIndia" (Sheppard) Soutah Africa Indians regarding holding of property and trade-licences.

000006484

30.03.1919

00000

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1

It (Monster meeting at Madras ) unanimously passed resolution in favour of satyagraha and observance of 6th April. C. Rajagopalachari speakers. (H. =The Hindu)

000006488

01.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

11

An exposition and a touching appeal evidently an article by Gandhiji;- to take the vow and help the poor.

000006489

01.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

2

The entrustment of the selection (of the laws to be broken) to a committee not being a matter of conscience is not improper

000011902

01.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

3

Four to five gevs are obtained C. Rajagopalachariar, Dr. Rajan etc. Vijaya Raghavachariar is a failure:

000006485

01.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

10

Rules etc. of the Swadeshi Sabha (President M.K. Gandhi) and text of the Pure, Mixed and Third.... vow and a form for signature:

000006486

01.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Text of the vows and signature form in Gujarati

000006487

01.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

List of First members who signed the Swadeshi pledge. Definition of Khadi for the first time.

000011901

02.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Majmudar's analysis is very forceful and truthful Bapu seems evolving every minute. I feel that no incarnation could be superior to Bapuji though he has not yet attained perfection. We are fortunate indeed to have come in touch with such a saintly personality.

000006490

02.04.1919

01131

POLAK, Millie Graham (Mrs.)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

8

Mrs. Polak (Millie Graham) 's loving cordial letter dealing with domestic affairs and expressing joy at being at home (at London)

000006496

03.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13348

AIYANGAR, Kasturi Ranga

1

If we remain true to our pledge We will secure withdrawal Rowlatt laws. Avoid passion Keep cool. No coercion.

000006492

03.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

14175

VELKAR (Dr.)

1

If you do not believe in the prison-door being a gate-way of to freedom you can freely resign. My views are fixed and not new.

000006497

03.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

01397

ANSARI, M. A. (DR.)

1

You shall certainly go to England Please wire date departure -Gandhi

000006495

03.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

01328

MALAVIYA

1

I hope you (and) other leaders will speak out frankly on the event The blood of the innocents lays a heavy responsibility on us.

000006494

03.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00411

SHRADDHANAND (Swami)

1

For exemplary patience and courage in opposing Rowlatt (Bills) laws We may have to shed more such innocent blood.

000009172

03.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Indulal has complained that they are not informed of Bapu's movements. Bapu has sent a letter to the press regarding Government atrocities at Delhi has telegraphed Malaviyaji and Shastriar to raise their protest and congratulated Shraddanandji and people of Delhi.

000006491

03.04.1919

00390

POLAK, H. S. L.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

Report of a confidential talk with Polak Montague views the situation very gravely, but is helpless on account of the Viceroy

000006498

03.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

05381

PRASAD, Rajendra

1

Am here at least week- Gandhi

000006493

03.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

06877

SHASTRI, Shaligram

1

Does not Delhi tragedy require you, others to speak out and condemn ? Hope you denounce Delhi Police methods regarding Rowlatt Bills.

000006500

04.04.1919

04051

AIYANGAR, A. Rangaswami

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Rangaswamy; send message. Gandhiji; Hope the Presidency that produced valiamma etc. will not quail before sacrifice. Britishers bow only before sacrifice Ours a nobler cause than war.

000027137

04.04.1919

08552

GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Order the Government of Punjab prohibits entry into the Punjab.

000011900

04.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Gives idea of Besant's mischief and lukewain or ununderstandable attitude of Tagore's. Andrew's and Polak's. Bapu's appre hensions Delhi bloodshed are subsiding by the pouring news about people's sherdiness.

000006499

04.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

A handbill of instructions and programme. Insistence on truth and non-violence Satyagraha a religious movement

000006502

05.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00411

SHRADDHANAND (Swami)

1

Wire if dependents of killed and wounded require support and if you have collected anything for them

000011899

05.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

4

Feel no worry about what will happen after Bapu's arrest. He thinks even the cowards will gather courage. Jamnadas is ashamed of his temporary cowardice and has declared in papers that he is as staunch a Satyagrahi as before:

000006503

05.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

05381

PRASAD, Rajendra

1

Thanks your decision relieves me. What about Haq. (Mazharal), Brijkishore and company?

000006504

06.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00411

SHRADDHANAND (Swami)

1

Hope leave Tuesday for Delhi Will that do?

000009174

06.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

1

It is a tribute to our organising capacity to notice a multitude of two lacs marching and dispersing peacefully. Due to heavy work and cough I am not well.

000006505

06.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

9

Even accepting the Government version, firing was unjustified viz. no firing when Gandhiji was lynched in Durban. A glorious beginning such as this will lead us on, but we must at present offer individual civil Disobedience

000006508

07.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

14176

SHSHI RUDRA & SATYAPAL

2

Reaching there Wednesday (9th April 1919) Punjab Mail. Copies to Rajendra Prasad and Rajgopalchariar

000011753

07.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01057

PATEL, Vallabhbhai (Sardar)

8

Bapu received order not to enter Delhi Punjab Restrict himself Bombay. Disobeyed arrested. Call public meeting immediately and declare his message "Satyagrahi Gujarat can but serve me by doing what I have done etc.

000011751

07.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

00660

GANDHI, Manilal

2

Bapu served order not to enter Delhi Punjab. Restrict himself Bombay. Disobeyed. Arrested Asking you not to be distressed. Corry on work Do not resent his imprisonment

000011695

07.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Cyclostyled copy of Satyagrahi pamphlet 1st issue.

000006506

07.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

4

Statement of several Muslims that the Police charged on absolutely peaceful procession and wounded some

000011752

07.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

06036

SATYAGRAHA ASHRAM

2

Received order with greatest joy. Desires all Ashramites to exult in this glad tidings and to carry on work.

000006510

08.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

11026

POLICE COMMISSIONER

2

The statement of the leaders categorically denies your charges, and asserts that they were peaceful and obedient

000006509

08.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

01098

DAS, CHITTA RANJAN

3

Papers report mob-violence State facts Departure from truth, non-violence will damn movement etc.

000011898

08.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

3

Jubilant description of selling the proscribed booklet "Hind Swaraj" by Bapuji and others. Proposal to tour Delhi Bengal etc.

000011897

08.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

00898

GANDHI, Maganlal K.

4

On moved to joyful fears on reading about the brilliant part played by our Ashramites youths. Eager to hear about female exploits. Bapus is at his best Has been foiling for 14-15 hours a day please send "Makardhwaj" required for Bapu for my use.

000006507

08.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

02653

RAHIMTOOLA, Ibrahim (Sir)

1

I have taken a signed statement merely to prevent undeserved blame on the people where the police was to blame

000006501

08.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

05381

PRASAD, Rajendra

1

Reaching Delhi to-morrow Shall wire thence.

000006514

09.04.1919

13360

CHIEF COMMISSIONER

13361

SENIOR SUPDT. OF POLICE

2

Though M.K. Gandhi cannot be at present permitted to enter the Punjab, he may be allowed later on an undertaking to refrain from law breaking and promoting it. Government hopes he will quietly go to Bombay.

000006511

09.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13358

GHATE, O. B.

1

Too overwhelmed to write Proceeding Delhi Sending thence important letter with detailed opinion

000011692

09.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

00898

GANDHI, Maganlal K.

1

Bapuji has written to Ambalalbhai for finances hearing from him, intimate to him your requirements. If he fails, resort to begging.

000006513

09.04.1919

08552

GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Original text of the order issued under Rule 3 of the Defence of India Rules, directing M.K. Gandhi to forthwith return to Bombay and reside with Bombay Presidency until further order. Gandhiji's reply (in his own hand) I regret am unable to comply

000011693

09.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

On the eve of arrest. Asks people to remain non-violent and work for communal unity.

000006133

09.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Also a draft of a vow that every Hindu and Muslim should take to promote Hindu-Muslim Unity. His views on "Vows" also[ Article by Gandhi]

000006512

09.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A hand-bill notifying the speech of "South Africa hero" Imam Saheb Bawazir on the 11th inst. breach of railway lines on 11th)

000024288

10.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

10416

DAYALJI AND KALYANJI

2

Because of his our programme will have to be altered.

000006515

10.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01057

PATEL, Vallabhbhai (Sardar)

1

Gandhiji arrested for disobeying order. Gandhiji happiest His message; I have got what I sought Abjure violence Satyagraha is our Kamadhenu All should take Swadeshi, Hindu Muslim Unity vows etc.

000006517

10.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

00390

POLAK, H. S. L.

1

"English great nation; have borne untold suffering and will respond to courage and suffering etc.( A summery of 6515)

000011746

10.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

7

Duplicate of 6519

000011694

10.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Cyclostyled copy of issue dated 10-4-1919 and 17-4-1919.

000006519

10.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

5

A graphic description of the whole episode and Mahadev Desai's exhortation to the country regarding its duty after Gandhiji's arrest.

000006516

10.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

(A Gujarati verbatim translation of the above; Notice by Vallabhbhai Patel Secretary of Satyagraha Sabha)

000006520

10.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

9

The same as above in Gujarati, but in addition, it contains Gandhiji's message in full ( In Mahadev Desai's handwriting )

000006518

11.04.1919

05381

PRASAD, Rajendra

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Sent through Dr. Mehta ; as token of my respects for the good work you have done for the country

000006521

11.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Gandhiji condemns violence If Englishmen were injured or killed, it is a great blot on Satyagraha. I may have to offer satyagraha against ourselves.

000006523

12.04.1919

01401

TAGORE, Rabindranath

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

A very beautiful dissertation on passive resistance on returning love for hatred, great praise for Gandhiji and than two poems on Faith, love courage etc. [Original in trust letter file]

000026349

12.04.1919

01401

TAGORE, Rabindranath

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

Same as P. 6523

000006525

12.04.1919

00730

RUSTOMJEE, Parsee

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Give 200 bags of rice and to 200 poorest families I wish you all success in satyagraha Hope you will serve England and India

000006522

12.04.1919

13364

SASTRI, V. S. Srinivasa

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Relieved you are back and free, Regrettable demonstrations in north- India perhaps avoidable All happens for best. (on the back Mahadev Desai's wire appealing to Shastri to fill the breach due to Gandhiji's arrest)

000006526

13.04.1919

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

5

Text of the Military Order prescribing routes to different localities and strictly requiring troops to let people go to the meeting at Satyagrahashram. All to return before 7 p.m.

000006527

13.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

"If you wish to save my life and elevate our country through satyagraha, be law-abiding. Public meeting will be held (Issued by Nadiad satyagraha office)

000006528

13.04.1919

13367

OGDEN J. B.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

A missionary and sincere appeal to Gandhiji to wage a crusade against the evils. Every true missionary will back him

000006539

13.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

We have some back here: Ansuyaben was never arrested I was released on Friday and treated very well Attend meeting to-morrow.

000006529

13.04.1919

01884

PETAVEL, J. W.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

8

As I forecasted evil-forces have been let loose by your way. I myself being attacked by a crowd. The solution is popular education

000006530

14.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

8

(1) I overcalculculated the measure of permeation of satyagraha, (2) My unnecessary arrest, (3) Resentment regarding Turkey Release Ali- Brothers (4) Rowlatt Act should be withdrawn

000006532

14.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

01463

RAHIMTOOLA, Ibrahim (Sir)

5

After giving causes of the trouble, Gandhiji urges that no punitive measures be taken and no prosecution undertaken . The riots were not due to satyagraha, but to my arrest Rowlatt Acts etc.

000006531

14.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

1

Some men and women were killed yesterday without just cause. Will you give me the true facts?

000006524

14.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

They were entirely opposed to satyagraha which admitted of non-violence I had over calculated the chances of satyagraha being understood by the masses Clever men were behind

000006536

14.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

4

A memorable speech worthy of Gandhiji. Had you rather stabbed, I would have been happier. I must atone for this crime by a 72 hours' fast. I am most responsible among us etc.

000006533

15.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13123

TIMES OF INDIA

6

A detailed letter (Worth perusal) citing instances of military excesses giving causes of the riot and the occasion of the 'the criminal blunder' in arresting Gandhiji

000006535

15.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

1

Probably there was only one English death. Will you give me names and addresses of others? if any as I want to help their families?

000006534

15.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

10

 

000006540

16.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13370

COMMISSIONER

1

The following is my programme I am anxious that people be saturated with "peace" before recommend my "offensive" I will co-operate with Government for establishing peace.

000006542

16.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

1

I recognise the force of what you say in your last paragraph (direct complaints) and I shall give effect to it.

000006543

16.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

1

Will you post a few police at shahpur where 'badmashes' worry people? I will render service even though unwanted by Government

000006541

16.04.1919

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Thanks for the many kind things said in your letter. The murdered sergeant's name is Frazer. Your thought is kindly and timely. Am too busy to listen to any but direct complaints

000006538

16.04.1919

13370

COMMISSIONER

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

In view of the present condition of public feeling I would be much obliged if you would let me know your tour -programme if any

000006537

16.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

4

It is part of our penance. Violence only breeds violence and fails My release not due to violence We must first help English families

000006545

17.04.1919

00471

HORNIMAN, B. G.

13438

SATYAGRAHA SABHA

1

I feel very strongly that in view of the gross misuse by unscrupulous elements of satyagraha agitation it should be suspended.

000006544

17.04.1919

06884

SASTRI, V. S. Srinivasa

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

4

I do not deserve it, as I opposed your Guru (Gandhiji) but you follow "Love your enemies" maxim but it is misapplied in politics where your work will perish-not perish but remain light etc.

000006546

17.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00411

SHRADDHANAND (Swami)

7

Even non-satyagrahis when they join satyagrahi should refrain from violence at all times. Satyagraha can never be "abandoned"[A remarkable letter in which Gandhiji unburdens himself]

000011832

17.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Against unauthorised publications. Instructions and guidance regarding happenings at Ahmedabad.

000011834

17.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Satyagraha leaflet nos. 2 and 3 in which Gandhiji expounds the principles of Satyagraha with warning not to believe in unauthorised literature:

000011833

17.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Issued by Satyagraha Sabha Bombay in the matter of taking signatures on the pledge form of Satyagraha against Rowlatt bills.

000006548

18.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13438

SATYAGRAHA SABHA

4

In recommending it I must state that my faith in it has only increased but at present we must inculcate satyagraha mentality among people.

000023851

18.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

01342

NATESAN

1

Informs that Civil Disobedience movement is suspended but preaching of truth and non-violence continues.

000006547

18.04.1919

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

A beautiful and forceful plea against Gandhiji's method chaining himself and others by taking vows. A love letter still

000006550

19.04.1919

13375

I. P. MISSION HIGH SCHOOL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

5

An appeal to stop passive resistance (as the Indian masses are not yet ready for such spiritual methods) and to forward a monster petition

000006556

19.04.1919

13380

SUNDARALAL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

All agreed only one class member and everything You advised Please send instructions if any. (Mahatma)

000006549

19.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

4

It means insistence on truth and utilization of the force derived from it is the law of love - the law the permeates us all

000006552

20.04.1919

13376

JASHWANTARI & SONS

08446

PANDITJI

5

Two letters relating Amritsar Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy and one telegram relating Lahore firing (Amritsar, letter by Kotumal and Lahore by Govardhandas)

000006551

20.04.1919

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

8

How can Government control "brains behind violence" and satisfy the sage of Sabarmati also? The Viceroy and I am very sorry the exclusion order on you. You have done almost incredible work to calm people. Exclusion order bad etc.

000006553

21.04.1919

13378

DESAI, KRISHNARAO

00853

BANKER, Shankerlal G.

1

Shankerlal, secretary, Home Rule League, arrested. Wants engage Velenkar see settle Lowest charges.

000006555

21.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

2

They have been made to pay from their wages. Water-rate to all earning more than 7 Rupees will thus hit doubly.

000006554

21.04.1919

00618

ABDUL BARI [Maulana)]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your firmness is laudable as a movement of this unity, If God willing you will not be sacrificed in future: God grant success.

000006557

22.04.1919

14177

RICHY (Mrs.)

02050

CHAUDHRANI, Saraladevi

5

Correspondence demanding compulsory resignation of Saraladevi Chaudhrani from Lahore Purdah club which has official patronage

000006558

23.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

13375

I. P. MISSION HIGH SCHOOL

1

I have anticipated your advice an suspended satyagraha Will you sign the pledge? No country can live honourably without swadeshi

000006559

23.04.1919

13383

FAERING, Esther (Miss)

10548

DESAI, Mahadev & GANDHI, M. K.

9

Two ennobling and soul-stirring letters expressing adoration for Bapu (Gandhi) as equal to Christ and requiring "us all" to follow his ideals ( Love letters both of an adorning sister)

000006561

23.04.1919

00390

POLAK, H. S. L.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

1

Gandhi must have been almost killed by the abuse of passive resistance The Government seems to have most incompetently treated the question

000006560

23.04.1919

14179

CHINAI CHIMANLAL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

On account of the present arrests, Master Bhogilal was afraid and so he has destroyed the receipt-book of satyagraha Fund.

000006563

24.04.1919

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00577

CHATFIELD, G. E. (Collector, Ahmedabad)

2

Through some bungling by me, I find that the leaflets have not been sent to you, which I do now (Posting undespatched copies of satyagraha leaflets.)

000019815

24.04.1919

10250

SORABJI A.SOGU

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

A petty Government servant in Ahmedabad having lost his property as a result of hooliganism in Ahmedabad appeals to Gandhi for assistance.

000006564

24.04.1919

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

After describing his own successful efforts for peace, Andrew C.F. praised Barron, a Government official for sobriety But for Delhi firing on 30 the March , the Punjab would not have flared up.

000006562

24.04.1919

13375

I. P. MISSION HIGH SCHOOL

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

"True" swadeshi i.e.. preference to Indian goods is acceptable if price and quality are there, and the Viceroy even will accept it.

000011895

25.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Collector "Myself a more nonentity, am enamoured of your doings." Interviewed the prisoners and advised them to acknowledge guilt. In train mocked at your "Swantra Mantra" pointing out various errors.

000006565

25.04.1919

01339

DHRUWA, ANANDSHANKAR

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

I am loath to "thank" you for your three visits as you have too much love for me to let me be formed You are now beginning to shine "(satyanishtha" Gandhiji)

000006568

26.04.1919

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

4

The situation was saved by Mr. Barron's gentlemanly behaviour, and by Swamiji's wonderful personality (Swamiji-ie. Sharddhanandji Swami)

000011836

26.04.1919

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

This is as a touch stone of Satyagraha move. Observe non-violence thereby work for his retain.

000006578

26.04.1919

13393

BIHAR PLANTERS ASSOCIATION

07997

HOME DEPARTMENT, Secretary

1

Firm action in the Punjab saved the situation there the supineness of Government of India will lead to disaster, Gandhi a dangerous demagogue cleverly hiding his anti European movement by phrases. (Gandhiji's letter to Wilson, printed in the pioneer of 1-5-1919 "Time will show the error of your judgement")

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27.04.1919

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DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

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PARIKH, Narahari D.

1

They talked for 2 1/2 hours and I was on tenter hooks. Horniman is still here:

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27.04.1919

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I never believed in the theory of 'born genius'. I had ideals more than one I believe that the students pick up vices more easily than virtues from teachers. Once I felt old and wanted to commit suicide but my legal practice made me feel young. I think myself unfit as teacher. [Then he gives a list of subjects he attempted to learn and a list of his experience of different lines of occupation.

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27.04.1919

00471

HORNIMAN, B. G.

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

"I have been rushed off without notice" "Au Revoir" I ask your blessings God, speed you in your work for India

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27.04.1919

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

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GANDHI, M. K.

3

"Instructions" have been issued which are "secret" but which I assure would have fully satisfied you if you could have seen them

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27.04.1919

00515

ABDUL BARI [Maulana)]

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GANDHI, M. K.

3

A Hindu and Muslim commission should be formed which should tour all over India , and find out all cause for likely conflict so as to remove them

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28.04.1919

14180

DURBAN INDIAN PUBLIC, Chairman

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INTERIOR DEPARTMENT (E.F.C. Lane)

1

(1) Political franchise as in the cape, should be given(2) Free inter-colonial migration (3) Transvaal Indians should be allowed to own property

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28.04.1919

00402

RAJAGOPALACHARI, C.

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DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

4

My journey uneventful people here are likely to go to sleep unless Gandhiji sends a message I am glad I visited Bombay and the Ashram Please keep me informed of the developments.

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28.04.1919

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2

Leaflet no.7 outlining methods by which sympathy with Horniman can be expressed.

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29.04.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

10453

GOVERNMENT BOMBAY, P.S. to

2

Gandhiji's grave warning The unjustified deportation of Horniman (Editor of "Bombay Chronicle") the censorship of his paper, the arrest in Sind and rumoured would be arrest of Bombay satyagrahis portend evil I or satyagraha will not be responsible for consequences.

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29.04.1919

00506

FAERING, Esther (Miss)

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GANDHI, M. K.

7

She asks permission to publish the enclosed article on Gandhiji knowing full well it would mean her banishment from India The article calls Gandhiji a saint and one who copied Christ best.

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29.04.1919

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

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GANDHI, M. K.

8

I said our moral prestige was at the Nadir ,that, as G says. We believe in brute-force, that we have repeatedly broken promises and demanded repeal of Rowlatt Act. release of Ali-brothers.

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30.04.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

10453

GOVERNMENT BOMBAY, P.S. to

1

Unless his official position precludes him, I would esteem it as if extreme importance if His Excellency (Governor of Bombay) signed the pledge.

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30.04.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

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TIMES OF INDIA

1

I am anxious to have English signatories to emphasis the fact the vow is not taken as a retaliatory measure

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30.04.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

13392

KARACHI, BROTHERS & SISTERS OF

2

The essence of Satyagraha is that we never resort to violence as that will kill our struggle

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30.04.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

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TAGORE, Rabindranath

2

Duplicate of P. 23910

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30.04.1919

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

8

"His Himalayan Blunder" is his greatest victory- just like Gokhale' apology or Gurudev's turning away from swadeshi movement Has he not left out of sight the unbearable provocation from Government ? (Andrew's four Gods (1) The Poet, (2) Rudra (3) shraddhanand (4) and Gandhiji

000011894

30.04.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2

Letters full of abuses pour in everyday Horniman has been forgotten like a dead dog. Gandhiji is talked of as an unpaid Jamadar of Government. Gandhiji is on trial Esther's letter full of fragrance indeed.

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01.05.1919

13395

BOMBAY, Citizens of

01294

GOVERNOR OF BOMBAY

3

The three acts show a spirit of revenge Horniman B.G. (Editor Bombay Chronicle) was a prop to Government and people They are a hindrance to our peace efforts.

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01.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

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1

I want to live at peace with Englishmen, and the world. But I want peace with honour and that can be attained only through satyagraha.

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01.05.1919

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4

Matter of an article in Young India in connection with the Martial law. Regime in Punjab under heading 'What an Eye-Witness says'.

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01.05.1919

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1

Find out the educated leaders behind Riots due to preaching of disobedience. Oppose passive resistance Rowlatt Act. is good and necessary.

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01.05.1919

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3

Instances of shocking misrule, cruelty, and lust of the Nazam. Whole properties confiscated. Woman dishonoured etc. "400 Wives" - Gandhiji.

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02.05.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

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GANDHI, Maganlal K.

2

Gandhiji used the word 'design not conspirancy. Government for its own ends has extracted a meaning favourable to it Gandhuji meant that some clever people saw a good chance and helped rioting

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02.05.1919

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

7

Four days ago I went to Majmudar's . According to him Bapu is born with Divine power and has intuition. He is a saviour for the poor. He will some day, like other prophets, be shot dead by an Indian. Government servants ,here, try to cause disruption in villages and create troubles. Durga is doing well.

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02.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

01783

SABARMATI ASHRAM LEADERS

15

I expect you to understand the implications of the impending fast. It is against all co. workers who are either lukewarm or apathetic; in the fight to eradicate untouchability and Ashram leaders are included in these workers. I expect to lead the purest life or leave the Ashram. I also expect to continue the chain of fast and lay down their lives if necessary.

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02.05.1919

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TIMES OF INDIA

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GANDHI, M. K.

3

Though sincerely sympathising with swadeshi movement and even the cottage industry movement, I have my own methods to help it (He believes in co-operative societies)

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02.05.1919

13228

NATARAJAN (India Committee)

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

Under the circumstance you mention I hasten to say that I cannot be a contributor I have enough work with my own papers

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03.05.1919

01089

SHRADDHANAND SANYASHI

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GANDHI, M. K.

7

Though revering you I cannot agree with you regarding your silence about Govt's misdeeds The calm you want is impossible to attain

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03.05.1919

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5

Text of the order and story of the annoying watch of the police through out the travel letter and wires confidential (2 copies)

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04.05.1919

13399

ADVANI, Devidas B.

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KRIPALANI ,JIVATRAM

2

The arrest and prosecutions were instructed to create panic but fortunately no disturbance.

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04.05.1919

13401

ADVANI, D. B.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

2

The pamphlet is not issued by the Sabha, though legally I am the printer. As I do not agree with it, I shall defend myself.

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04.05.1919

01323

FAERING, Esther (Miss)

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

2

I should rather several year in prison than leave India. I am a bad beginner in the lesson of satyagraha .

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05.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

14183

DEPUTYINSPECTOR GEN. OF POLICE

2

I am torn to pieces for it By "educated" men behind riots, I meant only "literate" in Gujarati - not "highly educated" like vakils by organised manner and "design" I meant impromptu organisation

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05.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

2

You cannot prevent Bolshevism or violence without endorsing the doctrine of satyagraha. Holy places must be restored.

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05.05.1919

13402

SHAH, Fulchand Bapuji

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GANDHI, M. K.

10

Herewith the report on the atrocities by soldiers on man and women Also signed affidavits by a woman victim and witness.

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06.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

09563

COMMISSIONER OF POLICE

1

I hope you read them I draw your attention to yesterday's leaflet declaring Hartal on Sunday Hope all will go well

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06.05.1919

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ANDREWS, C. F.

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

I seriously think of going to the Punjab to know the facts, Barodada (Poets' elder brother) and the Poet send you blessing Ramanad babu (Editor of 'Modern Review') claimed for publication the letter that was to be a gift of joy to you

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07.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

14184

ROW (Mr.)

2

Can you give me details of the late Mr. Frazer? Was he your adopted son. Mrs. Row's note "You Indians devil My son's blood on you"!

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07.05.1919

01782

MASHRUWALA, Kishorelal G.

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

3

There is a funny description of Gandhiji, in the "Looker on". The proposed fast will not meet with much approval as the next day is Agiaras and the previous enthusiasm in matter of fast has waned. We shall be pleased if Bapuji can be here on the foundation day of the School.

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07.05.1919

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

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GANDHI, M. K.

3

Militarily it is midsummer madness But if owing to intrigues in India The situation is prolonged You will realise the danger Can you help us ? You can stabilise "Indian Opinion"

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07.05.1919

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2

He hopes to conquer India with the aid of Bolshevists- a diabolical party that nationalises women. So we must be loyal to those whom God has appointed to rule over us.

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08.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

13340

GHATE

1

It is unrestrained in language and is an overstatement. They should state minimum demands What is their view of Afghanistan?

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08.05.1919

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ANDREWS, C. F.

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GANDHI, M. K.

2

It was cowardly of me not to have gone earlier I am doing PRAYASCHITTA You see the poet (Rabindranath Tagore) and I cannot take vows as we break them (Ref. to swadeshi vow)

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08.05.1919

00488

VYAS, Manilal Jadavji

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

For following satyagraha I am brought here, and still watched I do not care But what should I do?

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09.05.1919

14186

MAHOMED ALI & SHAUKAT ALI

00581

CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF C. P.

4

If our demands remain unheeded we shall leave India and ask other to do so. Meanwhile we hereby break Defence of India Act though we shall continue to live in Chhindwara

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09.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

00410

GRIFFITH, F. C. [I.G.of Police]

2

The leaflet herewith sent shows my compliance I take all possible precautions, to avoid disturbance, but I cannot advice opening of shops.

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09.05.1919

01395

SHRADDHANAND

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GANDHI, M. K.

2

You do not consult those thousands who staked their all for you. If, as you say Government maintains peace by its power, when you start satyagraha, it is not satyagraha but handing the people to Government "You cannot create necessary peaceful atmosphere in 2 months".

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09.05.1919

14217

JOSHI, Girija Shankar & Harishankar

03268

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

4

Passive Resistance of (1) Prahlad (2) Sudhanva (3) Mirabai etc. (4) Sitaji... Presumably in response to Gandhiji's request.

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09.05.1919

14186

MAHOMED ALI & SHAUKAT ALI

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GANDHI, M. K.

5

Enclosed notice to the chief commissioner of Central Province(C.P.) Our demands are minimum, namely not an inch of Holy Land to go to the outsider We are free but God knows how long! (Gandhiji a "Friend, philosopher and guide" to Ali-brothers.)

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09.05.1919

13413

WELLS M. (Rev.)

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

What are your views about Christianity and its effects on Indian situation ?

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09.05.1919

13408

POLICE SURGEON

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GANDHI, M. K.

2

One A.R. ( .....) says he has presented you a car, has Rs. 150,000 and can get Rs. 5000/- from you if he wrote to you what are the facts? Gandhiji;- No such thing. But quite likely our list has more than one mad man.

00006605D

10.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

00775

BESANT, Annie (Mrs.)

2

Subramania was never persuaded. He took it after full delibaration. You have changed. Were you like all reformers not a law-breaker?

00006605A

10.05.1919

00775

BESANT, Annie (Mrs.)

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GANDHI, M. K.

2

Subramaniam desires me to intimate that he withdraws from the pledge of civil disobedience as he was misled into taking it (Private)

000011698

10.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

01923

BESANT, Annie ?

2

Copy of 6605-D.

000011697

10.05.1919

01923

BESANT, Annie ?

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

Copy of 6605-A.

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10.05.1919

00394

ANDREWS, C. F.

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GANDHI, M. K.

2

I was urged by Hakim Saheb, Rudra, and Swamiji to go to Simla, before they decide anything about Punjab. The Afghan minare will get serious when peace terms with Turkey are known

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10.05.1919

00515

ABDUL BARI [Maulana)]

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GANDHI, M. K.

3

A monster petition with several lakhs of signatures is prepared. Satyagraha and not religious movement, is practicable. Sta tement of Muslim demands

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10.05.1919

13411

MODERATE CONFERENCE, President

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GANDHI, M. K.

2

I solicit your consent for the manifesto which advises complete cessation of satyagraha and restoration of civil law in Punjab

000006606

11.05.1919

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GANDHI, M. K.

00379

VICEROY, P.S. to

1

At the services of the Government for internal peace. I will do my best but work be considerably smoothened by a satisfactory declaration on Muslim Question, and repeal of Rowlatt Act.

000011896

11.05.1919

00546

DESAI, Mahadev Haribhai

01779

PARIKH, Narahari D.

2